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Old June 18th, 2016 #81
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Konstantin Vasilyev (VII)



Скандинавский воин\Воин с топором (1968) / Scandinavian warrior\Warrior with ax (1968)





Русский воин\Воин с мечом (1968) / Russian warrior\Warrior with sword (1968)





Поединок Пересвета с Челубеем (1974) / Peresvet's duel with Chelubai (1974)

http://vnnforum.com/showpost.php?p=1...postcount=1085





Князь Игорь (1969) / Prince Igor (1969)

This character from The Tale of Igor's Campaign.

"The Tale of Igor's Campaign (Old East Slavic: Слово о плъкоу Игоревѣ) is an anonymous epic poem written in the Old East Slavic language. The title is occasionally translated as The Song of Igor's Campaign, The Lay of Igor's Campaign, The Lay of the Host of Igor, and The Lay of the Warfare Waged by Igor.

The poem gives an account of a failed raid of Igor Svyatoslavich (d. 1202) against the Polovtsians of the Don River region. While some have disputed the authenticity of the poem, the current scholarly consensus is that the poem is authentic and dates to the medieval period (late 12th century).

The Tale of Igor's Campaign was adapted by Alexander Borodin as an opera and became one of the great classics of Russian theatre. Entitled Prince Igor, it was first performed in 1890."

Text by Wikipedia.


The Song of Igor's Campaign - http://lib.ru/NABOKOW/slovo.txt

The Tale of Igor’s Campaign - http://www.indiana.edu/~cahist/Readi...20Campaign.pdf





Плач Ярославны (1974) / Yaroslavna's Lament (1974)

This character from The Tale of Igor's Campaign.





Авдотья Рязаночка (1974) / Avdotya Ryazanochka (1974)

According to legend, she was left alone in Kazan after the Turkish invasion. Bravely overcoming many difficulties in the way she had come to the Turkish king. And respond to him wisely returned all Russian captives in their town.





Евпраксия. (Эскиз) - (1969) / Eupraxia. (Sketch) - (1969)

"Hearing of her husband’s death Theodore’s wife, Princess Eupraxia, kills herself and her young son Ivan by jumping “from her high palace”."

http://www.rusliterature.org/the-tal.../#.V2To9UhKUzM





Евпраксия (1969) / Eupraxia (1969)





Свентовит (1969) / Sventovit (1969)

"SVENTOVIT was the four-headed "god of gods" (deum deus ) of the pre-Christian northwestern Slavs. His name, *Sventovit, is variously written—as Sventovit, Svantevit, Suatovitus, and, in the Knythlingasaga (c. 1265), Svantaviz— but his cult is precisely described in the Gesta Danorum (14.564) of Saxo Grammaticus (late twelfth century).

The center for the worship of Sventovit was in Arkona, on the Baltic island of Rügen. In the center of town was the citadel-temple, a wooden structure of consummate workmanship, built with logs and topped by a red roof. Inside the surrounding fence was a barbican, whose four posts stood free of the outer walls of the temple and adjoined some of the beams of the roof. The inner chamber, partitioned by heavy tapestries, held an enormous statue of Sventovit. Its four heads and necks were joined together: facing north, south, east, and west, they apparently corresponded to the four columns of the barbican."

http://www.encyclopedia.com/article-...sventovit.html





Витязи Арконы / Knights of Arkona


 
Old June 18th, 2016 #82
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Konstantin Vasilyev (VIII)



Нашествие (Эскиз) - (1974) / Invasion (Sketch) - (1974)





Нашествие (1974) / Invasion (1974)





Горят пожары (Эскиз) - (1973) / Fires are burning (Sketch) - (1973)





Горят пожары (1973) / Fires are burning (1973)





Парад 1941 (1974) / Parade in the 1941 (1974)





Прощание славянки (1974) / Farewell of Slav (1974)





Тоска по Родине (1974) / Homesickness (1974)





Над Берлином (1974) / Over Berlin (1974)





Унтер ден Линден в огне (1974) / Unter den Linden in fire (1974)

"Unter den Linden ("under the linden trees") is a boulevard in the Mitte district of Berlin, the capital of Germany. It is named after its linden (basswood in American English, lime in British English) trees that line the grassed pedestrian mall between two carriageways."

Text by Wikipedia.





Сокол (1969) / A falcon (1969)


 
Old June 18th, 2016 #83
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Konstantin Vasilyev (IX)



Витязь (1970) / A knight (1970)





Рождение Дуная (1974) / Birth of the Danube (1974)

"According to legend, during the wedding of the Danube and Nastassja Korolevichna, which was also bogatyr begin to brag about, the Danube - courage, and Nastasia - accuracy. They organize a duel and Nastassja shoots three silver ring lying on the head of the Danube. Unable to recognize the superiority of his wife, the Danube tells her to repeat the test in a dangerous reverse version: the ring is now on the head of Nastasia and shoots Danube.

Arrow hits in the Nastasya. She dies, and the Danube learns that she was pregnant with a wonderful baby. Danube rushes on his sword and dies with his wife, from his blood originates Danube River."

http://bashny.net/t/en/328441?page=2


Danube River - http://vnnforum.com/showpost.php?p=2053344&postcount=72





Рождение Дуная (1974) / Birth of the Danube (1974)





Рождение Дуная (1974) / Birth of the Danube (1974)





На Калиновом мосту (1974) / On the sizzling hot bridge (1974)

This bridge over the fiery river. A few tales heroes fight with monsters there.





Бой со змеем (1974) / The battle with the dragon (1974)





Садко на дощечке кипарисовой (1974) / Sadko on the cypress plank (1974)

http://vnnforum.com/showpost.php?p=2010760&postcount=17





Садко и Владыка морской (1974) / Sadko and King of the sea (1974)





Гуси-лебеди (1967) / The magic swan-geese (1967)

The cartoon - http://vnnforum.com/showpost.php?p=2055613&postcount=83





Русский витязь (1974) / A Russian knight (1974)


 
Old June 18th, 2016 #84
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Konstantin Vasilyev (X)



Свияжск (1973) / Sviyazhsk (1973)

http://vnnforum.com/showpost.php?p=1948841&postcount=6





Старик (1967) / An old man (1967)





Русалка (1968) / Mermaid (1968)





Весна / Spring





Жница (1966) / A reaper (1966)





Зигфрид (1969) / Siegfried (1969)





Зигфрид вызывает на бой (1969) / Siegfried is calling to battle (1969)





Валькирия / Valkyrie





Провинциальный учитель (1968) / Provincial teacher (1968)





Интеллигет 30-ых годов (1969) / An intelligent of the 30s years (1969)


 
Old June 18th, 2016 #85
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Konstantin Vasilyev (XI)



Осень (1973) / Autumn (1973)





Сумерки (1969) / A dusk (1969)





У тихой воды (1971) / Near quiet water (1971)





Часовня (1971) / A chapel (1971)





Голгофа (1963) / Calvary (1963)

"Calvary, also Golgotha, was, according to the Gospels, a site immediately outside Jerusalem's walls where Jesus was crucified. Golgotha(s) (Greek: Γολγοθᾶ; alternative later form Γολγοθᾶς) is the Greek transcription in the New Testament of an Aramaic term that has traditionally been presumed to be Gûlgaltâ (but see below for an alternative). The Bible translates the term to mean place of [the] skull, which in Greek is Κρανίου Τόπος (Kraníou Tópos), and in Latin is Calvariæ Locus, from which the English word Calvary is derived."

Text by Wikipedia.





Вознесение (1964) / Ascension (1964)





Атомный взрыв (1963) / Atomic Explosion (1963)





Апостол / Apostle





Святой Андрей / Saint Andrew





Струна (1963) / A string (1963)


 
Old July 2nd, 2016 #86
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Vasily Surikov




Автопортрет (1879) / Self-portrait (1879)





Автопортрет (1883-1884) / Self-portrait (1883-1884)





Автопортрет на фоне картины Покорение Сибири Ермаком (1894) / Self-portrait against the background of picture "The Conquest of Siberia by Yermak" (1894)





Автопортрет (1902) / Self-portrait (1902)





Автопортрет (1910) / Self-portrait (1910)





Автопортрет (1913) / Self-portrait (1913)





Автопортрет (1915) / Self-portrait (1915)








http://vnnforum.com/showpost.php?p=2012884&postcount=24





Искушение Христа (1872) / Temptation of Christ (1872)





Исцеление слепорожденного Иисусом Христом (1888) / The healing of a man blind from birth by Jesus Christ (1888)





Богач и Лазарь (1873) / A rich man and Lazarus (1873)


 
Old July 2nd, 2016 #87
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Vasily Surikov (II)



Взятие снежного городка (1891) / The Taking of a Snow-Built Fortress (1891)





Голова смеющейся девушки. Этюд для картины Взятие снежного городка. (1890) / The head of laughting girl. Study for the picture "The Taking of a Snow-Built Fortress". (1890)





Александр Николаевич Пестунов. Этюд для картины Взятие снежного городка. (1890) / Alexander N. Pestunov. Study for the picture "The Taking of a Snow-Built Fortress". (1890)





А. И. Суриков в шубе. Этюд для картины Взятие снежного городка. (1889-1890) / A. I. Surikov [brother of artist] in fur coat. Study for the picture "The Taking of a Snow-Built Fortress". (1889-1890)





Портрет молодой женщины в шубе с муфтой. Этюд для картины Взятие снежного городка. (1890) / Portrait of young woman in fur coat with muff. Study for the picture "The Taking of a Snow-Built Fortress". (1890)





Голова боярышни. Этюд для картины Взятие снежного городка. (1890) / The head of boyaryshnya. Study for the picture "The Taking of a Snow-Built Fortress". (1890)


Boyaryshnya is unmarried daughter of Boyar.

"A boyar was a member of the highest rank of the feudal Bulgarian, Moscovian, Ruthenian (Ukraine and Belarus), Wallachian, and Moldavian aristocracies, second only to the ruling princes (in Bulgaria, tsars), from the 10th century to the 17th century. The rank has lived on as a surname in Russia, Ukraine and Romania, and also in Finland, where it is spelled Pajari."

Text by Wikipedia.





Меншиков в Березове (1883) / Menshikov in Berezovo (1883)

"Prince Alexander Danilovich Menshikov (1673-1729) - (Russian: Алекса́ндр Дани́лович Ме́ншиков) was a Russian statesman, whose official titles included Generalissimus, Prince of the Russian Empire and Duke of Izhora (Duke of Ingria), Prince of the Holy Roman Empire, Duke of Cosel. A highly appreciated associate and friend of Tsar Peter the Great, he was the de facto ruler of Russia for two years.
..........................
While his colleague Peter Tolstoi would have raised Elizabeth Petrovna to the throne, Menshikov set up the youthful Peter II, son of the tsarevich Alexei, with himself as dictator during the prince's minority.

He now aimed at establishing himself definitely by marrying his daughter Mary to Peter II. But the old nobility, represented by the Dolgorukovs and the Galitzines, united to overthrow him, and he was deprived of all his dignities and offices and expelled from the capital (20 September 1727). Subsequently he was deprived of his enormous wealth, stripped of the titles, and he and his whole family were banished to Beryozovo in Siberia, where he died on 23 November 1729. His wife Darya Mikhailovna died on their way into exile in 1728 near Kazan."

Text by Wikipedia.





Лампада. Этюд для картины Меншиков в Березове. (1881-1882) / An Icon-lamp. Study for the picture "Menshikov in Berezovo" (1881-1882)





Старшая дочь Меншикова. Жена художника Елизавета Августовна Сурикова, урожденная Шаре. (1882) / The elder Menshikov's daughter. [The wife of the artist Elizabeth Avgustovna Surikova, nee Share.] (1882)





Портреты Меншиковых. Этюд для картины Меншиков в Березове. (1882) / Portraits of Menshikov family. Study for the picture "Menshikov in Berezovo" (1882)


 
Old July 3rd, 2016 #88
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Vasily Surikov (III)



Портрет полководца А. В. Суворова (1907) / Portrait of Alexander Suvorov (1907)

"November 24, 1729 – May 18, 1800

He didn’t seem cut for fame and fortune… yet Aleksandr Suvorov’s outstanding military brilliance brought him top honours and glorious victories. He’s remembered as one of the few great generals in history to never lose a battle.

Aleksandr Suvorov was born into a noble family in Moscow on November 24, 1729. He grew up so weak and sickly that Suvorov’s father, an army general himself, thought a civilian career would be his son’s only option. Nevertheless, the boy took a great interest in all things military and proved an eager reader and keen learner. He started rigorous workouts and used his father’s vast library to study military history, strategy and tactics. The efforts paid off – Suvorov eventually began active service in 1748 showing good leadership skills and bravery. However, it was not until Empress Catherine II – known as the Great – took the throne in 1762 that Suvorov’s career soared.

Suvorov himself later described his first meeting with the Empress as the one that led him on the path to glory.

In 1768, a string of victories in Poland earned him a rise through the ranks and a reputation of a boldly unconventional tactician. In 1773 Suvorov went to fight the Turks in what became known as the First Turkish War. His stunning victories over the Turkish army established him as a brilliant field commander and extraordinary leader. Yet he also proved a self-willed subordinate, acting on his own initiative.

Suvorov was tried and sentenced to death for unauthorised actions against the Turks but the Empress didn’t uphold the verdict, famously stating that winners can’t be judged.

In 1787 Suvorov took command in the Second Turkish War. Several dazzling victories followed, one of the most famous being the storming of the Izmail fortress on the Danube River in December 1790. Izmail was reputed to be unconquerable and its seizure by the Russian forces was seen as Suvorov’s military masterpiece and the key to Russia’s triumph in the war, propelling him to glory.

In 1794 Suvorov was called upon to crush a Polish revolt. In a swift and victorious campaign, culminating in the storming of Warsaw, he suppressed Polish resistance. He became known as a ruthless and brutal commander across Europe but gained the title of Field Marshal at home.
The legend has it that he broke the news of the victory to Catherine in a short note: “Hurrah from Warsaw, Suvorov. The Empress’ reply announcing his promotion was equally brief: ”Congratulations, Field Marshal. Catherine".

A man of steely character, bravery and strict self-discipline, Suvorov was adored by his men. He trained his army according to his own ideas, developed most famously in his major book “The Science of Victory”.

His was a whole new way of waging wars based on speed and mobility, accuracy of fire and the bayonet, as well as detailed planning and careful strategy. Abandoning drills, he instead communicated his ideas to the troops in a clear and understandable way. Suvorov also took great care of his army’s supply lines and living conditions, drastically cutting instances of illness among his soldiers.

But his innovative views clashed with those of the new Tsar. After Catherine died in 1796, her son Paul I tried to reform the army to fit his love of endless drills, parades and square-bashing. Fiercely opposing the ‘new’ methods, Suvorov quickly fell out of favour. He was dismissed, exiled to his estate and kept under surveillance. Soon, though, the Tsar, worried by Napoleon’s victories in Europe, needed the veteran back.

Sent to drive Napoleon’s forces out of Italy in 1799, the Field Marshal took command of Austro-Russian army. After a triumphant Italian campaign, he planned to march on Paris, but instead was ordered to oust the French from Switzerland, joining the Russian forces already there. However, the army he was meant to unite with was defeated before Suvorov could reach it. Blocked by the French, he withdrew his troops. His marvel of a strategic retreat through the Alps while fighting off the French cost him one third of his army, but gained him Europe’s admiration and the top rank of Generalissimo. He became the fourth and last holder of the title in pre-revolutionary Russia, until Josef Stalin was proclaimed Generalissimo of the Soviet Union.

The Tsar had soon had enough of the war and recalled Russia’s armies from Europe and Suvorov was again out of favour. The newly promoted Generalissimo found his hero’s welcome to St. Petersburg cancelled.

Worn out and ill, the old veteran died on May 18, 1800. He was buried in St. Petersburg, the inscription on his grave stating simply “Here lies Suvorov”.

Suvorov’s family life wasn’t a happy one. Despite their having a son and a daughter together, Suvorov’s relationship with his wife was a difficult one, apparently tarnished by her infidelity. Despite stunning military successes, Suvorov always felt ill at ease at court.

His love of a frugal lifestyle was often seen as odd: he shunned all comfort, preferring to lead a camp-like life even away from battlefields, sleeping on hay and refusing to wrap up warm in the chilliest weather. The story goes that he was once offered a fur coat by Catherine who ordered him to wear it. Unable to disobey the Empress yet unwilling to break his habits, he worked his way out of the problem by carrying the coat with him without putting it on.

Suvorov left Russia with expanded borders, renewed military prestige and a legacy of theories on the waging of war. One of the most educated people of his time, he was described by some of his contemporaries as one of the most extraordinary men of the century.

“Train hard, fight easy” – a saying he coined – became a Russian proverb. Almost 150 years after Suvorov’s death, Josef Stalin revived the memory of the legendary hero by creating the Order of Suvorov in a bid to restore Russian morale after the German invasion of World War II. Now, the Suvorov Military Schools across Russia provide initial military training and education to young men seeking a military career."

http://russiapedia.rt.com/prominent-...sandr-suvorov/





Переход Суворова через Альпы в 1799 году. (1899) / Suvorov Crossing the Alps in 1799. (1899)





Солдат с ружьем. Этюд для картины Переход Суворова через Альпы. (1898) / Soldier with gun. Study for the picture "Suvorov Crossing the Alps" (1898)





Солдат с барабаном. Этюд для картины Переход Суворова через Альпы. (1898) / Soldier with drum. Study for the picture "Suvorov Crossing the Alps" (1898)





Голова солдата-барабанщика. Этюд для картины Переход Суворова через Альпы. (1898) / The head of soldier-drummer. Study for the picture "Suvorov Crossing the Alps" (1898)





Солдат с ружьем. Этюд для картины Переход Суворова через Альпы. (1898) / Soldier with gun. Study for the picture "Suvorov Crossing the Alps" (1898)





Старый солдат, спускающийся по склону снежной горы. Этюд для картины Переход Суворова через Альпы. (1898) / Old soldier descending from the snowy mountain. Study for the picture "Suvorov Crossing the Alps" (1898)





Голова крестящегося солдата. Этюд для картины Переход Суворова через Альпы. (1897) / Head of baptized soldier. Study for the picture "Suvorov Crossing the Alps" (1897)"





Солдат, спускающийся по склону снежной горы. Этюд для картины Переход Суворова через Альпы. (1898) / Soldier descending from the snowy mountain. Study for the picture "Suvorov Crossing the Alps" (1898)





Снежные горы. Этюд для картины Переход Суворова через Альпы. (1897) / Snowy mountains. Study for the picture "Suvorov Crossing the Alps" (1897)


 
Old July 5th, 2016 #89
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Vasily Surikov (IV)



Боярыня Морозова (1887) / The Boyarynya Morozova (1887)

Boyarynya is a wife of Boyar.

"Feodosia Prokopiyevna Morozova (1632–1675) - (Russian: Феодо́сия Проко́пьевна Моро́зова) was one of the best-known partisans of the Old Believer movement."

"In Russian Orthodox church history, the Old Believers, or Old Ritualists (Russian: старове́ры or старообря́дцы, starovyery or staroobryadtsy) separated after 1666 from the official Russian Orthodox Church as a protest against church reforms introduced by Patriarch Nikon of Moscow between 1652 and 1666. Old Believers continue liturgical practices that the Russian Orthodox Church maintained before the implementation of these reforms.

Russian-speakers refer to the schism itself as raskol (Russian: раскол), etymologically indicating a "cleaving-apart"."

Texts by Wikipedia.





Боярыня Морозова (1885) / The Boyarynya Morozova (1885)





Боярыня Морозова. Эскиз. (1881) / The Boyarynya Morozova. Sketch. (1881)





Зима в Москве. Этюд для картины "Боярыня Морозова". (1884-1887) / Winter in Moscow. Study for the picture "The Boyarynya Morozova" (1884-1887)





Голова боярыни Морозовой. Этюд для картины "Боярыня Морозова". (1886) / Head of Boyarynya Morozova. Study for the picture "The Boyarynya Morozova" (1886)





Голова боярыни Морозовой. Этюд для картины "Боярыня Морозова". (1886) / Head of Boyarynya Morozova. Study for the picture "The Boyarynya Morozova" (1886)





Рука боярыни Морозовой. Этюд для картины "Боярыня Морозова". / Hand of boyarynya Morozova. Study for the picture "The Boyarynya Morozova"

Her two raised fingers refer to the dispute about the proper way to make the sign of the cross.





Боярышня в фиолетовой душегрее. Этюд для картины "Боярыня Морозова". (1885-1886) / Boyaryshnya in violet overcoat. Study for the picture "The Boyarynya Morozova" (1885-1886)





Старуха в узорчатом платке. Этюд для картины "Боярыня Морозова". (1886) / The old woman in patterned headscarf. Study for the picture "The Boyarynya Morozova" (1886)





Боярышня в синей шубке. Этюд для картины "Боярыня Морозова". (1887) / Boyaryshnya in blue fur coat. Study for the picture "The Boyarynya Morozova" (1887)


 
Old July 6th, 2016 #90
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Vasily Surikov (V)



Боярышня со скрещенными на груди руками. Этюд для картины "Боярыня Морозова". / Boyaryshnya with arms folded on her chest. Study for the picture "The Boyarynya Morozova".





Голова монахини. Этюд для картины "Боярыня Морозова". / The head of nun. Study for the picture "The Boyarynya Morozova".





Задумавшийся подросток. Этюд для картины "Боярыня Морозова". (1885) / Ponderer teenager. Study for the picture "The Boyarynya Morozova". (1885)





Боярышня. Этюд для картины "Боярыня Морозова". (1886) / Boyaryshnya. Study for the picture "The Boyarynya Morozova". (1886)





Странник. Эскиз к картине "Боярыня Морозова". / Wanderer. Sketch for the picture "The Boyarynya Morozova".





Странник. Этюд для картины "Боярыня Морозова". (1885) / Wanderer. Study for the picture "The Boyarynya Morozova". (1885)





Странник. Этюд для картины "Боярыня Морозова". (1886) / Wanderer. Study for the picture "The Boyarynya Morozova". (1886)





Нищий, стоящий на коленях. Этюд для картины "Боярыня Морозова". / Kneeling beggar. Study for the picture "The Boyarynya Morozova".





Юродивый, сидящий на снегу. Этюд к картине "Боярыня Морозова". (1885) / Whacky, seated on the snow. Study for the picture "The Boyarynya Morozova". (1885)





Боярыня Морозова. Эскиз композиции. (1884-1885) / The Boyarynya Morozova. Sketch of a composition. (1884-1885)


 
Old July 6th, 2016 #91
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Vasily Surikov (VI)



Утро стрелецкой казни (1881) / The morning of the Streltsy's execution (1881)

"Streltsy (Russian: стрельцы́, streltsý, literally "shooters") were the units of Russian guardsmen from the 16th to the early 18th centuries, armed with firearms. These standing forces reinforced the mounted nobility militia (поместное войско, pomestnoe vojsko or Landed Army) mobilized during wartime.

The first streltsy units were created by Ivan the Terrible sometime between 1545 and 1550 and armed with arquebuses. During his reign, Russia was fighting wars almost continuously, including the Livonian War in the North and wars against the Khanates in the South. They first saw combat at the Siege of Kazan in 1552. Initially, the streltsy were recruited from among the free tradespeople and from the rural population. Subsequently, military service in this unit became lifelong and hereditary. Thus, while earlier in the 16th century they had been an elite force, their effectiveness was reduced by poor training and lack of choice in recruiting.

In 1682 they attempted to prevent Peter the Great from coming to the throne in favor of his half-brother, Ivan.

After the fall of Sophia Alekseyevna in 1689, the government of Peter the Great engaged in a process of gradual limitation of the streltsy’s military and political influence. Eight Moscow regiments were removed from the city and transferred to Belgorod, Sevsk, and Kiev.

In spite of these measures, the streltsy revolted yet again while Peter was on his Great Embassy in Europe. Although the revolt was put down by the Scottish general Patrick Gordon (he had entered Russian service under Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich in 1661) even before the Tsar's return to Russia, Peter nonetheless cut short his embassy and returned to finally crush the streltsy with savage reprisals, including public executions and torture.

The corps was technically abolished in 1689; however, after having suffered a defeat at Narva in 1700, the government stopped their disbandment. The most efficient streltsy regiments took part in the most important military operations of the Great Northern War and in Peter’s Prut Campaign of 1711. Gradually, streltsy were incorporated into the regular army. At the same time, they started to disband the Municipal Streltsy."

Text by Wikipedia.





Чернобородый стрелец. Этюд для картины "Утро стрелецкой казни". (1879) / Black-bearded strelets. Study for the picture "The morning of the Streltsy's execution". (1879)





Стрелец. Этюд для картины "Утро стрелецкой казни". (1880) / Strelets. Study for the picture "The morning of the Streltsy's execution". (1880)





Стрелец в шапке. Этюд для картины "Утро стрелецкой казни". (1879) /
Strelets in a cap. Study for the picture "The morning of the Streltsy's execution". (1879)






Вид на Кремль (1913) / View of Kremlin (1913)





Вид на Кремль зимой (1876) / View of Kremlin at winter (1876)





Колокольня Ивана Великого и купола Успенского собора (1876) / Ivan the Great Bell Tower and dome of the Assumption Cathedral (1876)





Вид Москвы (1908) / View of Moscow (1908)





Иллюминация Москвы (1882) / Illumination of Moscow (1882)





Сквер перед Музеем изящных искусств в Москве (1910-ые) / Square in front of the Museum of Fine Arts in Moscow (the 1910s)


 
Old July 7th, 2016 #92
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Vasily Surikov (VII)



Покорение Сибири Ермаком (1895) / The conquest of Siberia by Yermak (1895)

"Vasiliy "Yermak" Timofeyevich Alenin (Russian: Ерма́к Тимофе́евич; born between 1532 and 1542 – August 5 or 6, 1585) was a Cossack who started the Russian conquest of Siberia, in the reign of Tsar Ivan the Terrible (ruled 1547-1584).

Russians' fur-trade interests fueled their desire to expand east into Siberia. The tsar's ultimate goal was to extend all the way to the Bering Strait.The Tatar khanate of Kazan was established as the best entryway into Siberia. In 1552, Ivan the Terrible's modernized army toppled the khanate. After the takeover of Kazan, the tsar looked to the powerful and affluent Stroganov merchant family to spearhead the eastward expansion. In the late 1570s, the Stroganovs recruited Cossack fighters to invade Asia on behalf of the tsar. These Cossacks elected Yermak as the leader of their armed forces, and in 1582 Yermak set out with an army of 840 to attack the Khanate of Sibir.

On October 26, 1582, Yermak and his soldiers overthrew Kuchum Khan's Tatar empire at Qashliq in a battle that marked the "conquest of Siberia". Yermak remained in Siberia and continued his struggle against the Tatars until 1584, when a raid organized by Kuchum Khan ambushed and killed him and his party."

Text by Wikipedia.





В лодке. Этюд для картины "Покорение Сибири Ермаком". / On boat. Study for the picture "The conquest of Siberia by Yermak"





Иртыш. Этюд для картины "Покорение Сибири Ермаком". (1892) / Irtysh. Study for the picture "The conquest of Siberia by Yermak". (1892)

"The Irtysh River (Russian: Иртыш) is a river in Russia, China, and Kazakhstan. It is the chief tributary of the Ob River.

The river's headwaters originate in the Mongolian Altai in Dzungaria (the northern part of Xinjiang, China) close to the border with Mongolia.

Irtysh's main affluents are the Tobol River and the Ishim River. The Ob-Irtysh system forms a major drainage basin in Asia, encompassing most of Western Siberia and the Altai Mountains."

Text by Wikipedia.





Донской казак Ржидин. Этюд для картины "Покорение Сибири Ермаком". / Rzhidin the cossack of Don. Study for the picture "The conquest of Siberia by Yermak".





Стреляющий казак. Этюд для картины "Покорение Сибири Ермаком". / Shooting cossack. Study for the picture "The conquest of Siberia by Yermak"





Казаки в лодке. Этюд для картины "Покорение Сибири Ермаком". / Cossacks in boat. Study for the picture "The conquest of Siberia by Yermak"





Голова казака. Этюд для головы Ермака для картины "Покорение Сибири Ермаком". (1891) / Cossack's head. Study for the head of Ermak for the picture "The conquest of Siberia by Yermak". (1891)





Стреляющий казак. Этюд для картины "Покорение Сибири Ермаком". (1893) / Shooting cossack. Study for the picture "The conquest of Siberia by Yermak" (1893)





Головы татар (старика и молодого). Этюд для картины "Покорение Сибири Ермаком". (1893) / Tatar's heads (old and young). Study for the picture "The conquest of Siberia by Yermak" (1893)





Ермак с казаками. Этюд для картины "Покорение Сибири Ермаком". (1894) / Yermak with cossacks. Study for the picture "The conquest of Siberia by Yermak" (1894)


 
Old July 8th, 2016 #93
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Vasily Surikov (VIII)



Казак Дмитрий Сокол. Этюд для картины "Покорение Сибири Ермаком". (1893) / Cossack Dmitry Sokol. Study for the picture "The conquest of Siberia by Yermak" (1893)





Казак. Этюд для картины "Покорение Сибири Ермаком". (1893) / Cossack. Study for the picture "The conquest of Siberia by Yermak". (1893)





Казак с ружьем. Этюд для картины "Покорение Сибири Ермаком". (1893) / Cossack with gun. Study for the picture "The conquest of Siberia by Yermak". (1893)





Казак-гребец. Этюд для картины "Покорение Сибири Ермаком". (1892) / Cossack rower. Study for the picture "The conquest of Siberia by Yermak". (1892)





Покорение Сибири Ермаком. Эскиз к композиции. (1892) / The conquest of Siberia by Yermak. Sketch of a composition. (1892)





Степан Разин (1906) / Stepan Razin (1906)

"Stepan Timofeyevich Razin (1630-1671) - (Russian: Степа́н Тимофе́евич Ра́зин), known as Stenka Razin (Стенька), was a Cossack leader who led a major uprising against the nobility and tsarist bureaucracy in southern Russia in 1670-1671.

Razin's parents were from the village of Usman Sobakina, 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) outside of Voronezh. He was first noted by history in 1661, as part of a diplomatic mission from the Don Cossacks to the Kalmyks. That same year Razin went on a long-distance pilgrimage to the great Solovetsky Monastery on the White Sea for the benefit of his soul. After that, all trace of him was lost for six years, when he reappeared as the leader of a robber community established at Panshinskoye, among the marshes between the rivers Tishina and Ilovlya, from whence he levied tribute from all vessels passing up and down the Volga.

A long war with Poland in 1654-1667 and Sweden in 1656-1658 put heavy demands upon the people of Russia. Taxes increased, as did conscription. Many peasants, hoping to escape these burdens, fled south and joined bands of Razin's marauding Cossacks. They were also joined by many others who were disaffected with the Russian government, including people of the lower classes, as well as representatives of non-Russian ethnic groups such as Kalmyks, that were being oppressed at the time.

Razin's first considerable exploit was to destroy the great naval convoy consisting of the treasury barges and the barges of the Patriarch and the wealthy merchants of Moscow. Razin then sailed down the Volga with a fleet of 35 vessels, capturing the more important forts on his way and devastating the country. At the beginning of 1668, he defeated the voivode Yakov Bezobrazov, sent against him from Astrakhan, and in the spring embarked on a predatory expedition into Daghestan and Persia, which lasted for eighteen months.

In 1667, Razin gathered a small group of Cossacks and left the Don for an expedition in the Caspian Sea. He aimed to set up a base in Yaitsk (now known as Oral, located in Kazakhstan on the Ural River) and plunder villages from there. However, Moscow learned of Razin's plans and attempted to stop him. As Razin traveled down the Volga River to Tsaritsyn, the voivodes of Astrakhan warned Andrei Unkovsky (the voivode or governor of Tsaritsyn) of Razin's arrival and recommended that he not allow the Cossacks to enter the town.

When Razin sailed by Tsartisyn, Unkovsky did not attack (possibly either because he felt that Razin posed a threat or because the guards of Tsaritsyn sympathized with Razin's Cossacks). This incident gave Razin the reputation of an "invincible warrior endowed with supernatural powers." He continued his travels down the Volga and into the Caspian Sea, defeating several detachments of streltsy, or armed guardsmen. In July 1667, Razin captured Yaitsk by disguising himself and some of his companions as pilgrims to pray at the cathedral. Once inside Yaitsk, they opened the gates for the rest of the troops to enter and occupy the city. The opposition sent to fight Razin felt reluctant to do so because they sympathized with the Cossacks.

In the spring of 1668, Razin led the majority of his men down the Yaik River (also known as the Ural River) while a small portion stayed behind to guard Yaitsk. However, the government defeated Razin's men in Yaitsk and Razin lost his base there.

After losing Yaitsk, Razin sailed south down the coast of the Caspian Sea to continue his pillaging. He and his men then attacked Persia. Failing to capture the well-defended fortress port of Darband/Derbent in present-day Dagestan, his forces moved south to attack the small port of Badkuba (present Baku) located on the Absheron Peninsula in present-day Republic of Azerbaijan, but at Rasht (in the southwest Caspian Sea in modern Iran) the Persians killed roughly 400 Cossacks in a surprise attack. Razin went to Isfahan to ask the shah for land in Persia in exchange for loyalty to the shah, but departed on the Caspian for more pillaging before they could reach an agreement. Razin arrived in Farahabad (on the southern shore of the Caspian Sea in Iran) and masqueraded as a merchant in the city for several days before he and his men pillaged the city for two days. That winter the Cossacks with Razin fended off starvation and disease on the Miankaleh Peninsula, and in the spring of 1669 Razin built a base on the eastern side of the Caspian Sea and began raiding Turkmen villages. Then in the spring of 1669 he established himself on the isle of Suina, off which, in July, he annihilated a Persian fleet sent against him. Stenka Razin, as he was generally called, had now become a potentate with whom princes did not disdain to treat.

In August 1669 he reappeared at Astrakhan and accepted a fresh offer of pardon from Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich there; the common people were fascinated by his adventures. The lawless Russian border region of Astrakhan, where the whole atmosphere was predatory and many people were still nomadic, was the natural milieu for such a rebellion as Razin's.

In 1670 Razin, while ostensibly on his way to report at the Cossack headquarters on the Don, openly rebelled against the government, capturing Cherkassk and Tsaritsyn. After capturing Tsaritsyn, Razin sailed up the Volga with his army of almost 7000 men. The men traveled toward Cherny Yar, a government stronghold between Tsaritsyn and Astrakhan. Razin and his men swiftly took Cherny Yar when the Cherny Yar streltsy rose up against their officers and joined the Cossack cause in June 1670. On June 24 he reached the city of Astrakhan. Astrakhan, Moscow's wealthy "window on the East," occupied a strategically important location at the mouth of the Volga River on the shore of the Caspian Sea. Razin plundered the city despite its location on a strongly fortified island and the stone walls and brass cannons that surrounded the central citadel. The local streltsy's rebellion allowed Razin to gain access to the city.

After massacring all who opposed him (including two Princes Prozorovsky) and giving the rich bazaars of the city over to pillage, he converted Astrakhan into a Cossack republic, dividing the population into thousands, hundreds and tens, with their proper officers, all of whom were appointed by a veche or general assembly, whose first act was to proclaim Razin their gosudar (sovereign).

After a three-week carnival of blood and debauchery, Razin quit Astrakhan with two hundred barges full of troops. His aim was to establish the Cossack republic along the whole length of the Volga as a preliminary step towards advancing against Moscow. Saratov and Samara were captured, but Simbirsk defied all efforts, and after two bloody encounters close at hand on the banks of the Sviyaga River (October 1 and 4), Razin was ultimately routed by the army of Yuri Baryatinsky and fled down the Volga, leaving the bulk of his followers to be extirpated by the victors.

But the rebellion was by no means over. The emissaries of Razin, armed with inflammatory proclamations, had stirred up the inhabitants of the modern governments of Nizhny Novgorod, Tambov and Penza, and penetrated even as far as Moscow and Novgorod. It was not difficult to stir the oppressed population to revolt by promising deliverance from their yoke. Razin proclaimed that his object was to root out the boyars and all officials, to level all ranks and dignities, and establish Cossackdom, with its corollary of absolute equality, throughout Muscovy.

Even at the beginning of 1671 the outcome of the struggle was doubtful. Eight battles had been fought before the insurrection showed signs of weakening, and it continued for six months after Razin had received his quietus. At Simbirsk his prestige had been shattered. Even his own settlements at Saratov and Samara refused to open their gates to him, and the Don Cossacks, hearing that the patriarch of Moscow had anathematized Razin, also declared against him. The tsar sent troops to suppress the revolt.

In 1671 Stepan and his brother Frol Razin were captured at Kagalnik fortress (Кагальницкий городок) by a Cossack starshina. They were given over to Tsarist officials in Moscow, where Stepan was tortured then quartered alive at Lobnoye Mesto. However, the rebellion did not end with Razin's death. The rebels in Astrakhan held out until November 26, 1671, when Prince Ivan Miloslavsky restored government control."

Text by Wikipedia.





Перс. Этюд для картины "Степан Разин". (1902) / The Persian. Study for the picture "Stepan Razin". (1902)





Разин. Этюд для картины "Степан Разин". / Razin. Study for the picture "Stepan Razin".





Казак в красной рубахе. Этюд для картины "Степан Разин". / Cossack in red shirt. Study for the picture "Stepan Razin".





Гребец в лодке. Этюд для картины "Степан Разин". / The rower in the boat. Study for the picture "Stepan Razin".


 
Old July 9th, 2016 #94
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Vasily Surikov (IX)



Памятник Петру I на Сенатской площади в Петербурге (1870) / View of the Monument to Peter the Great on Senate Square in St. Petersburg (1870)





Вечер в Петербурге (1871) / Evening in Petersburg (1871)





Императрица Анна Иоанновна в петергофском Тампле стреляет оленей (1900) / Empress Anna Ioannovna shoots deer in Peterhof Tample (1900)

"Anna Ioannovna (1693-1740) - (Russian: Анна Иоанновна), also spelled Anna Ivanovna and sometimes anglicized as Anne, was regent of the duchy of Courland from 1711 until 1730 and then ruled as empress of Russia from 1730 to 1740.

Anna was born in Moscow as the daughter of Tsar Ivan V by his wife Praskovia Saltykova. Although Anna's father was himself Tsar of Russia and co-ruler with his brother Peter I, he was mentally disabled and incapable of administering the country. Therefore, his younger brother and co-ruler was effectively the autocrat of all the Russias. Anna's father Ivan V died in February 1696, when Anna was only three years old, and her uncle became the sole ruler of Russia.

In 1710, Peter the Great arranged for the 17-year-old Anna to marry Frederick William, Duke of Courland, who was the same age as her Her wedding was held on a grand scale, as per her own inclinations, and her uncle gave her a fabulous dowry of 200,000 roubles.

The newly wedded couple spent several weeks in Russia before proceeding to Courland. Only twenty miles out of St. Petersburg, on the road to Courland, Duke Frederick died. The cause of death was uncertain - it has been attributed variously to a chill or to the effects of alcohol.

After her husband died, Anna proceeded to Jelgava, the capital Courland (now western Latvia) and ruled that province for almost twenty years, from 1711 to 1730.

In 1730, Tsar Peter II (grandson of Peter the Great) died childless at a young age. His death made extinct the main line of the Romanov dynasty, which had ruled Russia for over a century, since 1613. Possible candidates for the throne were the three surviving daughters of Ivan V, namely Catherine (b.1691), Anna (b.1693) and Praskovya (b.1694), and the two surviving daughters of Peter the great, namely Anna (b.1708) and Elizabeth (b.1709).

Ivan V had been the older brother of Peter the Great and co-ruler with him, and by that reckoning, his daughters may be considered to have the prior right. However, if seen from the perspective that the successor should be the nearest kin of the most recent monarch, then the daughters of Peter the great were nearer to the throne, because they were the aunts of the recently deceased Tsar Peter II. The dilemma was made greater because the daughters of Peter the Great had been born out of wedlock, and had been legitimized later by him, after he formally married their mother Catherine I, who had previously been a maid in his household. On the other hand, Praskovia Saltykova, the wife of Ivan V, had been a nobleman's daughter and a devoted wife and mother; moreover, she had been a lady greatly respected for her many virtues, not least her chastity.

Finally, the Russian Supreme Privy Council led by Prince Dmitri Golitzyn selected Anna, the second daughter of Ivan V, to be the new Empress of Russia. She was selected in preference to her elder sister Catherine even though Catherine was at that time resident in Russia whereas Anna was not. There were some reasons for this: Anna was a childless widow and there was no immediate danger of an unknown foreigner wielding power in Russia; she also had some experience of government, because she had been administering her late husband's duchy of Courland for almost two decades."

Text by Wikipedia.





Большой маскарад в 1772 году на улицах Москвы с участием Петра I и князя И.Ф.Ромодановского (1900) / Big masquerade in 1772 on the streets of Moscow with the participation of Peter I and prince I. F. Romodanovsky (1900)





Посещение царевной женского монастыря (1912) / Tsarevna's visit to nunnery (1912)

Tsarevna it is a daughter of tsar.





Царевна (1911) / Tsarevna (1911)





Изба (1873) / A peasant's house (1873)

"An izba (Russian: изба́) is a traditional Russian countryside dwelling. Often a log house, it forms the living quarters of a conventional Russian farmstead. It is generally built close to the road and inside a yard, which also encloses a kitchen garden, hay shed, and barn within a simple woven stick fence. Traditional, old-style izba construction involved the use of simple tools, such as ropes, axes, knives, and spades. Nails were not generally used, as metal was relatively expensive, and neither were saws a common construction tool. Both interior and exterior are of split pine tree trunks, the gap between is traditionally filled with river clay, not unlike the Canadian log cabin.

The dominant building material of Russian vernacular architecture, and material culture generally, for centuries was wood. Specifically houses were made from locally-cut rough-hewn logs, with little or no stone, metal, or glass. Even churches and urban buildings were primarily wooden until the eighteenth century.

From the fifteenth century on, the central element of the interior of izba was the Russian oven, which could occupy up to one quarter of the floorspace in smaller dwellings. Often there were no beds (in the Western sense) for many members of the household, as people would sleep directly on the plaster top of the oven, or on shelves built directly above the stove.

Outside izbas were often embellished by various special architectural features, for example the rich wood carving decoration of windows. Such decorative elements and the use of the Russian oven are still commonly found in many modern Russian countryside houses, even though only the older wooden houses are called izbas today."

Text by Wikipedia.





Деревенская божница (1880-ые) / Village bozhnitsa (the 1880s)

Bozhnitsa it is a shelf or a cabinet with icons.





Натурщица в старинном русском костюме (1882) / The model in the ancient russian costume (1882)





Самовар (1876) / Samovar (1876)

"A samovar (Russian: самовар; literally "self-boil") is a heated metal container traditionally used to heat and boil water in and around Russia. Since the heated water is typically used to make tea, many samovars have a ring-shaped attachment (Russian: конфорка) around the chimney to hold and heat a teapot filled with tea concentrate.

Though traditionally heated with coal or charcoal, many newer samovars use electricity to heat water in a manner similar to an electric water boiler. Antique samovars are often prized for their beautiful workmanship."

Text by Wikipedia.


 
Old July 10th, 2016 #95
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Портрет Прасковья Фёдоровна Суриковой (матери художника) - (1887) / Portrait of Praskovya Fedorovna Surikova (Artist's mother, nee Torgoshina) - (1887)





Сибирский пейзаж. Торгошино. (1873) / Siberian landscape. [Stanitsa] Torgoshyno. (1873)

"Stanitsa (Russian: стани́ца) is a village inside a Cossack host (voisko) (казачье войско, kazachye voysko, sometimes translated as "Cossack Army"). Stanitsas were the primary unit of Cossack hosts.

Historically, the stanitsa was a unit of economic and political organisation of the Cossack peoples primarily in the southern regions of the Russian Empire."

Text by Wikipedia.





Портрет А. И. Сурикова (1887-1890) / Portrait of Alexander I. Surikov (Artist's brother) - (1887-1890)





Пейзаж с фигурой брата / Landscape with brother's figure





Портрет Елизаветы Августовны Суриковой, жены художника (1888) / Portrait of Elizabeth Avgustovna Surikova (Artist's wife) - (1888)





Портрет Е. А. Суриковой / Portrait of Elizabeth Avgustovna Surikova





Портрет О. В. Суриковой (в замужестве Кончаловской), дочери художника, в детстве. (1888) / Portrait of Olga Surikova (in marriage Konchalovskaya), the artist's daughter in childhood (1888)





Портрет О. В. Суриковой (1880-ые) / Portrait of Olga Surikova (the 1880s)





Портрет Е. В. Суриковой (1908) / Portrait of Elena V. Surikova (Artist's daughter) - (1908)





Дом Суриковых в Красноярске (1890) / House of Surikov family in Krasnoyarsk (1890)

"Krasnoyarsk (Russian: Красноя́рск) is a city and the administrative center of Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia, located on the Yenisei River. It is the third largest city in Siberia after Novosibirsk and Omsk. Krasnoyarsk is an important junction of the Trans-Siberian Railway and one of Russia's largest producers of aluminium.

The city is notable for its nature landscapes.

The city was founded on August 19, 1628 as a Russian border fort when a group of service class people from Yeniseysk led by Andrey Dubenskoy arrived at the confluence of the Kacha and Yenisei Rivers and constructed fortifications intended to protect the frontier from attacks of native peoples who lived along Yenisei and its tributaries. Along with Kansk to the east, it represented the southern limit of Russian expansion in the Yenisei basin during the seventeenth century."

Text by Wikipedia.


 
Old July 11th, 2016 #96
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Апостол Павел объясняет догматы веры в присутствии царя Агриппы, сестры его Береники и проконсула Феста (1875) / The apostle Paul expounding the dogma of Christianity to Herod, Agrippa, his sister Bernice and the Roman proconsul Festus (1875)





Первый Вселенский Никейский Собор (1876) / First Ecumenical Council of Nicaea. Sketch. (1876)





Второй Вселенский Константинопольский Собор (1876) / Second Ecumenical Council of Constantinople. Sketch. (1876)





Третий Вселенский Эфесский Собор (1876) / Third Ecumenical Council of Ephesus. Sketch. (1876)





Четвертый Вселенский Халкидонский Собор (1876) / Fourth Ecumenical Council of Chalcedon. Sketch. (1876)





Богословский диспут на одном из семи Вселенских соборов (1899) / Theological debate on one of the seven Ecumenical Councils (1899)






Изгнание Христом торгующих из храма (1873) / Christ driving the Merchants from the temple (1873)





Саломея приносит голову Иоанна Крестителя своей матери Иродиаде (1872) / Salome brings head of Saint John the Baptist to her mother Herodias (1872)





Нерукотворный образ (1872) / Holy Face (1872)

"According to a legend that had already been related by Eusebius of Caesarea in the fourth century, King Abgar V Ukkama of Osroene (‘the black’), a contemporary of Christ who corresponded with him, sent his messenger Hannan to Jesus, asking him to come to Edessa and cure him of a serious illness. According to one version of the legend, Christ was unable to go to Edessa, and therefore sent an imprint of his face on a piece of cloth to King Abgar of Edessa to satisfy his wish and heal him. In so doing, Christ himself ‘authorized’ the representation of his face in human form, which makes this image into a miraculous image and places it in the ranks of the acheiropoietes (works not made by human hands)."

http://www.qantara-med.org/qantara4/...d=1469&lang=en





Пир Валтасара (1874) / Belshazzar's Feast (1874)


 
Old July 14th, 2016 #97
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Vasily Surikov (XII)



Монах (1900-ые) / A monk (the 1900s)





Голова Марии. Этюд для картины Благовещение. (1913-1914) / Maria's head. Study for the picture "Annunciation". (1913-1914)





Анфиса (1900-ые) / Anfisa (the 1900s)





Сибирская красавица. Портрет Е. А. Рачковской. (1891) / Siberian Beauty. Portrait of E. A. Rachkovskaya. (1891)

Rachkovskaya Ekaterina (1857-1900) was a wife of a Krasnoyarsk doctor P. Rachkovskiy.





Портрет княгини П. И. Щербатовой (1910) / Portrait of princess Pauline (Pelagia) Shcherbatova (1910)

She was born as a peasant woman. She married Prince Sergei Shcherbatov. He was the artist and maecenas.





Горожанка. Портрет Александры Ивановны Емельяновой, урожденной Шрейдер. (1902) / Townswoman. Portrait of Alexandra I. Yemelyanova nee Schrader. (1902)





Портрет Александры Ивановны Емельяновой (1903) / Portrait of Alexandra Yemelyanova (1903)





Портрет Александры Ивановны Емельяновой (1909) / Portrait of Alexandra Yemelyanova (1909)





Казачка. Портрет Л. Т. Маториной. (1892) / Cossack woman. Portrait of Lydia Matorina. (1892)





Портрет молодой женщины в кокошнике (1892) / Portrait of young woman with kokoshnik (1892)

"The kokoshnik (Russian: коко́шник) is a traditional Russian head-dress worn by women and girls to accompany the sarafan, primarily worn in the northern regions of Russia in the 16th to 19th centuries.

Historically a kokoshnik is a headdress worn by married women, though maidens wore a headdress very similar to a kokoshnik, but open in the back, named a povyazka. The word kokoshnik describes a great variety of headdresses worn throughout Russia, including the cylindrical hats of Veliky Novgorod, two-pointed nimbus kika of Vladimir, triangular kika of Kostroma, small pearl hats of Kargopol, and scarlet kokoshniks of Moscow.

While in the past kokoshnik styles varied greatly, currently a kokoshnik is generally associated with a tall, nimbus or crest shaped headdress which is tied at the back of the head with long thick ribbons in a large bow. The crest can be embroidered with pearls and goldwork or simple applique, usually using plant and flower motifs. The forehead area is frequently decorated with pearl netting. While wearing a kokoshnik the woman usually wears her hair in a plait. It resembles the French hood worn in Tudor England, but without the black veil."

Text by Wikipedia.



Last edited by Alex Him; July 14th, 2016 at 12:50 PM.
 
Old July 14th, 2016 #98
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Vasily Surikov (XIII)


Голова женщины в черном платке (1886) / Head of a woman in black shawl (1886)





Портрет Е. К. Дерягиной (1879) / Portrait of E. K. Deryagina (1879)





Сибирячка (1909) / Siberian woman (1909)





Женский портрет (1902) / Woman's portrait (1902)





Портрет молодой женщины (1911) / Portrait of young woman (1911)





Портрет Натальи Федоровны Матвеевой (1909) / Portrait of Natalia Matveeva (1909)





Портрет Н. С. Матвеева (1881) / Portrait of N. S. Matveev (1881)





Портрет А. С. Матвеева в детстве (1881) / Portrait of A. S. Matveev in childhood (1881)





Портрет есаула в летней форме / Portrait of yesaul in the summer form

"Yesaul, or Osaul ( Russian: есау́л), (from Turkic yasaul - chief), a post and a rank in the Ukrainian and Russian Cossack units.

The first records of the rank imply that it was introduced by Stefan Batory, King of Poland in 1576."

Text by Wikipedia.





Старик-огородник (1882) / The old gardener (1882)


 
Old July 15th, 2016 #99
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Vasily Surikov (XIV)



Портрет И. С. Остроухова (1884) / Portrait of Ilya Ostroukhov (1884)


"Ilya Semyonovich Ostroukhov (1858-1929) - (Russian: Илья Семёнович Остроухов) was a Russian landscape painter and art collector; associated with the Peredvizhniki."

Text by Wikipedia.





Портрет И. Е. Крачковского (1884) / Portrait of Joseph Krachkovsky (1884)

"Joseph Evstafievich Krachkovsky (1854-1914) was a Russian landscape painter."

Text by Wikipedia.





Человек с больной рукой (1913) / A man with a sore hand (1913)





Портрет доктора А. Д. Езерского (1910) / Portrait of a doctor A. D. Yesersky (1910)





Портрет неизвестной на желтом фоне (1911) / Portrait of unknown woman on yellow background (1911)





Портрет А. Н. Третьяковой (1913) / Portrait of A. N. Tretyakova (1913)





Портрет Т. К. Доможиловой (1891) / Portrait of T. K. Domozhilova (1891)





Девушка с косами. Портрет А. А. Добринской. (1910) / A girl with braids. Portrait of A. A. Dobrinskaya. (1910)





Портрет А. А. Добринской (1911) / Portrait of A. A. Dobrinskaya (1911)





Портрет девочки в красном платье (1894) / Portrait of a girl in a red dress (1894)


 
Old July 16th, 2016 #100
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Vasily Surikov (XV)



Девушка в красной кофте (1892) / Girl in red blouse (1892)





Натурщица в головном уборе с поднизью из монет (1885) / The Model in a headdress with a thread with coins (1885)





Портрет А. П. Юргенсон (1908) / Portrait of A. P. Jurgenson





Портрет Олимпиады Михайловны Величкиной, урожденной баронессы Клодт фон Юргенсбург (1914) / Portrait of Olympiada Velichkina, nee Baroness Klodt von Yurgensburg (1914)





С гитарой. Портрет княгини С. А. Кропоткиной. (1882) / Portrait of princess S. A. Kropotkina with guitar (1882)





Портрет Е. Н. Сабашниковой (1907) / Portrait of E. N. Sabashnikova (1907)





Головка девушки. Портрет З. С. Хаминовой. (1908) / Girl's head. Portrait of Z. S. Khaminova. (1908)





Портрет К. М. Верхотуровой (1890) / Portrait of K. M. Verkhoturova (1890)





Портрет М. П. Кончаловского в детстве (1915) / Portrait of M. P. Konchalovsky in childhood (1915)





Портрет юноши Леонида Чернышова (1889-1890) / Portrait of young Leonid Chernyshev (1889-1890)

"Leonid Aleksandrovich Chernyshev (1875-1932) was a Russian Soviet architect and artist."

Text by Wikipedia.


 
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