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Old October 15th, 2012 #1
KraftAkt
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Default Mixed race kids suffer more ills and are more violent

Study: Mixed race kids suffer more ills

CHAPEL HILL, N.C., Nov. 3 (UPI) -- A new study involving 90,000 adolescent U.S. students indicates those who considered themselves to be of mixed race suffered more illnesses.

Researchers at the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill said such children were found to be more likely than others to suffer from such illnesses as depression, substance abuse, sleep problems and various other health problems.

The study, conducted in cooperation with the National Institutes of Health, found it did not matter what races the students identified with, the risks were higher for all of them if they did not identify with a single race.


The new findings were derived from data compiled as part of the UNC-based National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, the largest and most comprehensive survey of teen-agers ever conducted in the United States.

The study appears in the November issue of the American Journal of Public Health.

http://quickstart.clari.net/qs_se/we....RTFL_DN3.html

Heart risk gene hits African Americans hardest

A gene commonly found in Americans of European descent can be deadly when carried by African Americans, a new study has revealed. The gene variant more than triples the risk heart attack in African American populations, the researchers found.

African Americans are known to be more prone to heart attacks and the researchers suggest this may partly be due to European ancestry in those individuals, although environmental factors are certainly involved.

Kári Stefansson at Decode Genetics in Reykjavik, Iceland, and colleagues, isolated a gene variant called HapK, which is found in 30% of European Americans and 6% of African Americans. The variant also occurs in about 35% of people in Asia, but native Africans do not possess the gene. Stefansson proposes that the gene mutation must have occurred after the migration of human populations from Africa, about 50,000 years ago.

HapK is involved in series of biochemical steps that leads to inflammation in the body. Its role is not fully understood but it is believed to increase the propensity of fatty deposits in the arteries - atherosclerotic plaques - to rupture, leading to a heart attack.

250% increased risk

Stefansson studied the significance of the gene variant in more than 3000 people in three groups, one at the Cleveland Clinic in Ohio, one at Emory University in Atlanta, and one at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia, all in the US.

In the study, published in Nature Genetics, they found that HapK was associated with a slight increase in risk of heart attack for participants of European descent - just 16% - while those of African descent were 3.5 times more likely to suffer a heart attack (equivalent to a 250% increase in risk).

"If you're an African American with the variant gene you are close to certain to have a heart attack if nothing is done about it,""It's very important to screen and find this subgroup," Stefansson says. His biopharmaceutical company has two potential drug therapies in clinical trials which act by regulating the inflammatory pathway that HapK is involved in.
Micro-flora defence

Martin Godfrey, a physician at the British Cardiac Society, notes: "There are significant ethnic variations in heart attack risk. Black people in Britain and America are particularly at risk and they have increased incidence of strokes and high blood pressure."

Stefansson speculates that the variant is so dangerous in African Americans because, unlike European Americans, they have not had thousands of years to adjust to its presence in their genome.

"The inflammatory pathway probably developed as a protective response to micro-organisms; and as populations inhabited very different areas, the micro-flora they encountered was vastly different," he says. "That may be the reason for the differences in frequency of the variant."

http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn8300

Multiracial youth more likely to engage in violent behavior, substance abuse

Multiracial adolescents in middle school are significantly more likely to engage in such problem behaviors as violence and substance use than single-race young people, according to a new study.

Researchers from the University of Washington and the University of Chicago also found that perceived racial discrimination in school and in home neighborhoods puts adolescents at risk for these problems. However, the study suggests that a strong, positive ethnic identity can shield some multiracial youth from behavior problems. The study was published in the American Journal of Orthopsychiatry.

Among the findings, the study found that multiracial adolescents were significantly more likely than white, black or Asian-American youth to have smoked cigarettes. The odds were 38 percent less for whites, 32 percent less for blacks and 51 percent less for Asian-Americans. Similarly, whites, blacks and Asian-Americans were 45, 30 and 65 percent less likely, respectively, to have ever consumed alcohol than multiracial youngsters.

Multiracial youngsters also were significantly more likely to have used marijuana and to have become drunk or high on drugs than white or Asian-Americans. There was little difference in these behaviors between multiracial and black youth.

When it came to violent behaviors such as carrying a weapon, being in a fight and threatening to stab someone, multiracial youth again were significantly more likely to report having engaged in these activities than were whites or Asian-Americans. Fewer differences were found between multiracial and black youths, although the multiracial adolescents reported significantly higher rates of hurting someone badly in a fight (39 percent) and having carried a gun (46 percent).

Overall, multiracial youth also reported a significantly higher mean frequency of engaging in violent behavior compared to each of the three single-race groups. All of these findings were adjusted for age, gender and socioeconomic status.


"Adolescence is a difficult period for all children because two things are usually happening," said Richard Catalano, director of the UW's Social Development Research Group in the School of Social Work and a co-author of the study. "Parents are giving children more independence and they are moving from elementary to middle school where they are meeting new kids every 50 minutes.

"This is also when drug and alcohol use begin, and rates of delinquency and violence increase. Being a minority is tough and many youngsters are experiencing discrimination. We suspected this, and now we know that there are higher levels of discrimination and problem behaviors among multiracial youngsters."

Lead author of the study was Yoonsun Choi, who did much of the research while she was earning her doctorate in social work at the UW. She is now an assistant professor in the School of Social Service Administration at the University of Chicago. Other co-authors are Tracy Harachi, UW associate professor of social work, and Mary Gillmore, a former UW professor of social work, who recently moved to Arizona State University.

The researchers surveyed more than 2,000 Seattle middle-school students, comparing behaviors of multiracial, white, black and Asian-American youth. White students were the largest group, accounting for nearly 30 percent of the participants, while there were nearly equal numbers of multiracial, black and Asian students. Data from the small number of Hispanic and American Indian adolescents in the middle schools surveyed did not permit meaningful comparisons. The students averaged 12.7 years of age when surveyed and girls made up slightly more than half of the sample.

Among the students who identified themselves as multiracial, there were 25 different combinations of racial or ethnic backgrounds including 10 combinations of three racial backgrounds and five combinations of four backgrounds. About 80 percent of the multiracial students included some background.

"When it comes to multiracial youngsters, you have to take into account the experiences they are having with discrimination," Catalano said. "Discrimination felt by these children no doubt contributed to involvement in problem behaviors. Formation of identity is more difficult for multiracial children who have to figure out where they fit in and belong."

Harachi noted that while multiracial children are at higher risk for substance abuse and violent behavior, in most cases the majority of the multiracial youth were not involved in these problems.

"But there are growing numbers of multiracial children, and we need to know more about them," she said. "These behaviors don't start in adolescence, they begin earlier and are salient issues for these children. We need to grab on to problems earlier and address issues related to race and ethnicity early in their development."

http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releas...-mym050106.php

Last edited by KraftAkt; October 15th, 2012 at 09:35 PM.
 
Old October 15th, 2012 #2
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Default Conclusion: Whitey's fault

From the more likely to be violent article:
Quote:
"When it comes to multiracial youngsters, you have to take into account the experiences they are having with discrimination," Catalano said. "Discrimination felt by these children no doubt contributed to involvement in problem behaviors. Formation of identity is more difficult for multiracial children who have to figure out where they fit in and belong."
http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releas...-mym050106.php



From the NIH study regarding mixed race youth have more ills:
Quote:
Most of the risk items we assessed may be interpreted as related to stress, so we may therefore choose to interpret mixed race as a source of stress. We cannot identify further the source of the stress.
Full report:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1448064/
 
Old October 19th, 2012 #3
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A new study of Chinese-Caucasian, Filipino-Caucasian, Japanese-Caucasian and Vietnamese-Caucasian individuals concludes that biracial Asian Americans are twice as likely as monoracial Asian Americans to be diagnosed with a psychological disorder.

The study by researchers at the Asian American Center on Disparities Research at the University of California, Davis, will be reported in a 10 a.m. (EDT) poster session, "Clinical, Counseling, and Consulting," on Sunday, Aug. 17, at the annual meeting of the American Psychological Association in Boston.

"Up to 2.4 percent of the U.S. population self-identifies as mixed race, and most of these individuals describe themselves as biracial," said Nolan Zane, a professor of psychology and Asian American studies at UC Davis. "We cannot underestimate the importance of understanding the social, psychological and experiential differences that may increase the likelihood of psychological disorders among this fast-growing segment of the population."

Zane and his co-investigator, UC Davis psychology graduate student Lauren Berger, found that 34 percent of biracial individuals in a national survey had been diagnosed with a psychological disorder, such as anxiety, depression or substance abuse, versus 17 percent of monoracial individuals. The higher rate held up even after the researchers controlled for differences between the groups in age, gender and life stress, among other factors.

The study included information from 125 biracial Asian Americans from across the U.S., including 55 Filipino-Caucasians, 33 Chinese-Caucasians, 23 Japanese-Caucasians and 14 Vietnamese-Caucasians.

The information was obtained from the 2002-2003 National Latino and Asian American Study, the largest nationally representative survey ever conducted of Asian Americans. Funded by the National Institute of Mental Health, the landmark survey involved in-person interviews with more than 2,000 Asian Americans nationwide. The survey yielded a wealth of raw data for researchers to analyze for insights into Asian American mental health.

Zane and Berger did not look at the mental health of non-Asian Americans.
Future research should investigate the factors that explain the higher rate of diagnosed psychological disorders among biracial Asian Americans, Zane said. Possibilities include influences of ethnic identification and experiences of ethnic discrimination.

http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releas...-baa081108.php
 
Old November 5th, 2012 #4
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I'm not surprised about that. The human races improves themselves with separate evolution. Race mixing isn't a type of evolution, race mixing is an involution, so mixed race guys have more problems than non-mixed race guys.
 
Old November 5th, 2012 #5
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We had one mixed race African-Caucasian in our public school. He was a few years older from failing grades. Things would go missing, such as the candy in the teacher's desk- things that didn't happen before he moved to our school. His parents were divorced. Eventually his African father got in trouble for child pornography and they moved away. Last I heard he dropped out of school and had a child with a white girl.
 
Old November 13th, 2012 #6
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Health and Behavior Risks of Adolescents with Mixed-Race Identity





Objectives. This study compared the health and risk status of adolescents who identify with 1 race with those identifying with more than 1 race.

Methods. Data are derived from self-reports of race, using the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health), which provides a large representative national sample of adolescents in grades 7 through 12. Respondents could report more than 1 race.

Results. Mixed-race adolescents showed higher risk when compared with single-race adolescents on general health questions, school experience, smoking and drinking, and other risk variables.

More:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1448064/
 
Old November 13th, 2012 #7
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Mike Green View Post
I'm not surprised about that. The human races improves themselves with separate evolution. Race mixing isn't a type of evolution, race mixing is an involution, so mixed race guys have more problems than non-mixed race guys.
Is it the genetics, primarily, or being raised without an identity by parents who clearly don't value there's?
 
Old November 13th, 2012 #8
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This research has to be reconciled with the fact that light skin niggers, mixed race, behave more human like and more successful than dark skin pure bred niggers. It would seem that there is just not way to be more sub-human than a pure bred nigger, and any other genes can only improve that sub-species.
 
Old November 13th, 2012 #9
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Tintin View Post
This research has to be reconciled with the fact that light skin niggers, mixed race, behave more human like and more successful than dark skin pure bred niggers. It would seem that there is just not way to be more sub-human than a pure bred nigger, and any other genes can only improve that sub-species.
This research categorizes children by self-identification, not by genetics. It shows that kids who do not have a racial identity are more likely to act out than kids that do. That is not surprising data.
 
Old November 13th, 2012 #10
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Tintin View Post
This research has to be reconciled with the fact that light skin niggers, mixed race, behave more human like and more successful than dark skin pure bred niggers. It would seem that there is just not way to be more sub-human than a pure bred nigger, and any other genes can only improve that sub-species.
Not true according to the statistics. The following are statistics from South Africa. Coloureds (Mixed black-white) are more violent then single race blacks or whites. For sure blacks are still more violent than whites, that's where you are right.

An historical analysis reveals that the coloured (mixed race) population in South Africa has, as long as accurate records are available, had the highest murder rate of all race groups in the country.

The homicide rate for coloureds in South Africa has almost always been higher than other race groups, exceeding 60 murders per 100,000 since 1980:





More:

http://www.iss.co.za/pubs/CrimeQ/No.7/Thomson.htm
 
Old November 13th, 2012 #11
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Kimberly Johnston View Post
Is it the genetics, primarily, or being raised without an identity by parents who clearly don't value there's?
Both of them. Richard McCulloch said that race mixing is an involution and he explained it from a merely scientifical point of view in his article "Racial Diversity". In my opinion the problems in being raised by parents belongings to different races are consequences which contribute to make the mongrel more violent.

Illness is a merely genetic consequence.
Violent behaviour is both of them but primary genetic, a sort of "cause-effect-feedback" path with the genetic as the primary cause.
 
Old November 13th, 2012 #12
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Mike Green View Post
Both of them. Richard McCulloch said that race mixing is an involution and he explained it from a merely scientifical point of view in his article "Racial Diversity". In my opinion the problems in being raised by parents belongings to different races are consequences which contribute to make the mongrel more violent.

Illness is a merely genetic consequence.
Violent behaviour is both of them but primary genetic, a sort of "cause-effect-feedback" path with the genetic as the primary cause.
Ultimately, violent behavior is also a choice. Social factors influence it. Genetic factors (especially intelligence) influence it. But no one HAS to act like this. No excuses for this kind of behavior.
 
Old November 14th, 2012 #13
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Kimberly Johnston View Post
Ultimately, violent behavior is also a choice. Social factors influence it. Genetic factors (especially intelligence) influence it. But no one HAS to act like this. No excuses for this kind of behavior.
No one HAS to act like this but, as you said, genetic factors influence the behavior
 
Old November 15th, 2012 #14
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A bit more information from South Africa.



Coloured people are over-represented in the nation’s prisons according to the Department of Correctional Services. Coloured people represent only 9% of the national population, but they make up 18% of the national prison population. Coloured people are also nearly twice as likely to be imprisoned than African blacks.





http://www.iss.co.za/pubs/crimeq/no.7/leggett2.htm
 
Old November 15th, 2012 #15
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Kimberly Johnston View Post
This research categorizes children by self-identification, not by genetics. It shows that kids who do not have a racial identity are more likely to act out than kids that do. That is not surprising data.
http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/boos...white-cou.html
 
Old November 15th, 2012 #16
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Kimberly Johnston View Post
This research categorizes children by self-identification, not by genetics. It shows that kids who do not have a racial identity are more likely to act out than kids that do. That is not surprising data.
The mixing puts them at a much greater genetic risk and predisposition. They will be more inclined to behave in such negative ways. This activity is then implicitly encouraged through lack of stability, rules or foundation. The poor genes are then given a chance to thrive and express themselves.

Children who have a race to identify with can at least direct themselves. That there is interest at all, or an identity at all, shows an interest in the child themselves (parents, community) and more stability. Bad genes are given fewer chances to express and/or bad actions are stomped out when they occur.

Personal identity is important, and identifying with ones own is part of that, and part of development. This, also, is encoded in our genetics. Denying this opens the floodgates and we see all these negative, though not surprising, results.
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