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Old April 22nd, 2014 #1
RickHolland
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RickHolland
Default Deconstructing Humanism

Have you ever heard about some humanist NGO's or a humanist party?

http://americanhumanist.org/

http://www.humanistparty.org/home/hp-international


Some people think that Humanism is the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 10 December 1948 at the Palais de Chaillot, Paris, after the WW2.

Others think that Humanism origins came from the French Revolution and the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen in 1789. With their radical social change based on liberalism, old ideas about tradition and hierarchy were abruptly overthrown under the mantra of "Liberté, égalité, fraternité", and other "Enlightenment" principles.

But these movements don't advocate Humanism what they preach is Humanitarianism.

Humanitarianism Humanitarianism


Origin:

1810–20; humanit(y) + -arian


http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/humanitarian

http://www.thefreedictionary.com/humanitarian

Quote:
World English Dictionary
humanitarian (hjuːˌmćnɪˈtɛərɪən)

— adj
1. having the interests of mankind at heart
2. of or relating to ethical or theological humanitarianism

— n
3. a philanthropist
4. an adherent of humanitarianism
Quote:
hu·man·i·tar·i·an
[hyoo-man-i-tair-ee-uhn or, often, yoo-] Show IPA
adjective
1.
having concern for or helping to improve the welfare and happiness of people.
2.
of or pertaining to ethical or theological humanitarianism.
3.
pertaining to the saving of human lives or to the alleviation of suffering: a humanitarian crisis.
noun
4.
a person actively engaged in promoting human welfare and social reforms, as a philanthropist.
5.
a person who professes ethical or theological humanitarianism.
http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/humanitarian


The origins of Humanism are in the Renaissance.




Quote:
Early Italian humanism, which in many respects continued the grammatical and rhetorical traditions of the Middle Ages, not merely provided the old Trivium with a new and more ambitious name (Studia humanitatis), but also increased its actual scope, content and significance in the curriculum of the schools and universities and in its own extensive literary production. The studia humanitatis excluded logic, but they added to the traditional grammar and rhetoric not only history, Greek, and moral philosophy, but also made poetry, once a sequel of grammar and rhetoric, the most important member of the whole group.

Paul Oskar Kristeller, Renaissance Thought II: Papers on Humanism and the Arts (New York: Harper Torchbooks, 1965), p. 178. See also Kristeller's Renaissance Thought I, "Humanism and Scholasticism In the Italian Renaissance", Byzantion 17 (1944–45), pp. 346–74.
Quote:
Here, one felt no weight of the supernatural pressing on the human mind, demanding homage and allegiance. Humanity—with all its distinct capabilities, talents, worries, problems, possibilities—was the center of interest. It has been said that medieval thinkers philosophized on their knees, but, bolstered by the new studies, they dared to stand up and to rise to full stature.[10]

"Humanism". The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, Second Edition. Cambridge University Press. 1999. p.397
Quote:
The period from the fourteenth century to the seventeenth worked in favor of the general emancipation of the individual. The city-states of northern Italy had come into contact with the diverse customs of the East, and gradually permitted expression in matters of taste and dress. The writings of Dante, and particularly the doctrines of Petrarch and humanists like Machiavelli, emphasized the virtues of intellectual freedom and individual expression. In the essays of Montaigne the individualistic view of life received perhaps the most persuasive and eloquent statement in the history of literature and philosophy.

Kreis, Steven (2008). "Renaissance Humanism".
Renaissance_humanism Renaissance_humanism




Origin:

1580–90; < Italian umanista. See human, -ist


http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/humanist

http://www.thefreedictionary.com/humanist


Quote:
Cultural Dictionary

humanist definition


In the Renaissance, a scholar who studied the languages and cultures of ancient Greece and Rome; today, a scholar of the humanities. The term secular humanist is applied to someone who concentrates on human activities and possibilities, usually downplaying or denying the importance of God and a life after death.



Quote:

World English Dictionary
humanism (ˈhjuːməˌnɪzəm)


— n
1. the denial of any power or moral value superior to that of humanity; the rejection of religion in favour of a belief in the advancement of humanity by its own efforts
2. a philosophical position that stresses the autonomy of human reason in contradistinction to the authority of the Church
3. ( often capital ) a cultural movement of the Renaissance, based on classical studies
4. interest in the welfare of people

Quote:
hu·man·ist

1.
a person having a strong interest in or concern for human welfare, values, and dignity.
2.
a person devoted to or versed in the humanities.
3.
a student of human nature or affairs.
4.
a classical scholar.
5.
( sometimes initial capital letter ) any one of the scholars of the Renaissance who pursued and disseminated the study and understanding of the cultures of ancient Rome and Greece, and emphasized secular, individualistic, and critical thought.
http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/humanist




But why these pseudo "humanists" hijacked the Renaissance movement word «humanist» for their own movements?

Are they unconscious usurpers or they have a hidden agenda?

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