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Old December 9th, 2013 #21
Jae Manzel
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Default Quick recipe for producing cheaper hydrogen discovered

Scientists have discovered a quick-cook recipe for copious volumes of hydrogen (H2).

The breakthrough suggests a better way of producing the hydrogen that propels rockets and energizes battery-like fuel cells. In a few decades, it could even help the world meet key energy needs - without carbon emissions contributing to the greenhouse effect and climate change.


The researchers took a microscopic high-pressure cooker called a diamond anvil cell (within a tiny space about as wide as a pencil lead), in which they combined ingredients: aluminum oxide, water, and the mineral olivine. Set at 200 to 300 degrees Celsius and 2 kilobars pressure - comparable to conditions found at twice the depth of the deepest ocean. They cooked it for 24 hours.

Isabelle Daniel of University Claude Bernard Lyon explained that scientists have long known nature's way of producing hydrogen. When water meets the ubiquitous mineral olivine under pressure, the rock reacts with oxygen (O) atoms from the H2O, transforming olivine into another mineral, serpentine - characterized by a scaly, green-brown surface appearance like snake skin.

The process also leaves hydrogen (H2) molecules divorced from their marriage with oxygen atoms in water.

The novelty in the discovery is how aluminum profoundly accelerates and impacts the process.

Finding the reaction completed in the diamond-enclosed micro space overnight, instead of over months as expected, left the scientists amazed. The experiments produced H2 some 7 to 50 times faster than the natural "serpentinization" of olivine.

Over decades, many teams looking to achieve this same quick hydrogen result focused mainly on the role of iron within the olivine, Dr. Muriel Andreani said. Introducing aluminum into the hot, high-pressure mix produced the eureka moment.

Jesse Ausubel, of The Rockefeller University and a founder of the DCO program, said current methods for commercial hydrogen production for fuel cells or to power rockets "usually involve the conversion of methane (CH4), a process that produces the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide (CO2) as a byproduct. Alternatively, we can split water molecules at temperatures of 850 degrees Celsius or more - and thus need lots of energy and extra careful engineering.

Daniel said they believe the serpentinization process may be underway on many planetary bodies- notably Mars. The reaction may take one day or one million years but it will occur whenever and wherever there is some water present to react with olivine- one of the most abundant minerals in the solar system.

The study was published in the journal American Mineralogist.

http://zeenews.india.com/news/scienc...ed_895471.html
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Old December 10th, 2013 #22
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Default Honda invents airbag case to protect your smartphone

The Honda Smartphone Case N has six small airbags that save your device from costly cracks and damage by inflating right before it hits the ground.



The Japanese automaker has found a way to incorporate airbags into a rather bulky smartphone shell called the Case N.

The large case is designed so six small airbags inflate right before the phone slams into the ground, thus preventing a shattered screen.


Read more: http://www.nydailynews.com/life-styl...#ixzz2n4FQEGtL
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Old December 10th, 2013 #23
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Default Company develops germ-killing cell phone cases

NEW YORK (KGO) -- If you're tired of constantly wiping your iPhone down to keep it clean, a New York-based company thinks it may have come up with a fashionable solution.


Tenerarca has developed a new line of eco-friendly cell phone cases that claim to kill germs. Each leather case comes with a special coating called "UPSKIN."

The company says the coating can eliminate up to 99.9 percent of harmful bacteria and shields against cell phone radiation.

Tech media website CNET reviewed the $70 cases and found that the company doesn't offer any lab test results to back up its claim.

http://abclocal.go.com/kgo/story?sec...ogy&id=9354434
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Old December 21st, 2013 #24
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Default France implants its first artificial heart


French heart transplant specialist Alain Carpentier presents a prototype of the world's first fully implantable artificial heart.

France has implanted its first artificial heart into a patient, it was announced today.

French medics said that a male patient was awake and responding well following Wednesday’s ground-breaking operation at the Georges Pompidou Hospital in Paris.

Marcello Conviti, head of the Carmat biomedical firm, said: ‘We are delighted with this first implant, although it is premature to draw conclusions given that a single implant has been performed and that we are in the early postoperative phase’.

Mr Conviti said the artificial heart, which is three times the weight of a real one, would beat for at least five years.

Heart-assistance devices have frequently been used for patients waiting for transplants, but the new bioprosthetic device will replace the real heart



It will help thousands of people who are die each year while waiting for a donor, including many in Britain.

Surgeon Alain Carpentier said: ‘It's about giving patients a normal social life with the least dependence on medication as possible.

‘We’ve already seen these types of device of this type but they had a relatively low autonomy. This heart will allow for more movement and less clotting. The study that is starting is being very closely watched in the medical field.’

‘This news brings great pride to France,’ said French health minister .’It shows we are pioneers in healthcare, that we can invent, that we can carry an innovation that will also bring great hope to plenty of people.’

In 2005 surgeons in France performed the first face transplant, and they are always trying to push back research frontiers.

Developed by a team of engineers from Airbus parent company EADS, the artificial heart weighs 2 lb - almost three times as much as an average healthy human heart.

It is expected to cost around 150,000 pounds if it is made widely available.

The device mimics heart muscle contractions and contains sensors that adapt the blood flow to the patient's moves.

The artificial heart is powered by external, wearable lithium-ion batteries. Inside the heart, surfaces that come into contact with human blood are made partly from bovine tissue instead of synthetic materials such as plastic that can cause blood clots.

Heart failure affects more men than women, and the size of the artificial heart means it can fit in 86 percent of men but only around 20 percent of women.

But Carmat says it can manufacture a smaller version to fit the smaller bodies of women as well as patients in India and China.

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worl...ial-heart.html
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Old December 23rd, 2013 #25
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Default The Cubli: a cube that can jump up, balance, and 'walk'

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Old December 23rd, 2013 #26
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Gold nanoparticles are well known as a drug-delivery platform that can successfully permeate cell membranes, taking their payloads directly to where they are needed. Now, MIT researchers have determined just how the nanoparticles are able to achieve this



In 2008, it was discovered that gold nanoparticles, coated with a specific polymer, were highly effective at penetrating biological cells. This platform makes it much easier to deliver chemicals such as drugs or nutrients, or even more complex systems like diagnostic sensors, into the heart of the cells, when they would normally be rejected or taken up very slowly.

Until recently, however, it was not clear why this worked. Now, researchers from MIT, along with a team at EPL in Switzerland, have fully described the process by which the nanoparticles pass through cell membranes without damaging the cell, and have also determined the maximum size for particles that are able to do this. The work has been published in Nano Letters in August 2013.

The core of the discovery is that the coated nanoparticles actually fully fuse with the lipid bilayers which make up the cell membrane.

This is possible because of the amphiphilic nature of the material used to coat the gold nanoparticles - typically monolayers of hydrophobic polymer chains, functionalized with hydrophilic chemical groups at their ends.

This structure is broadly similar to that of the lipids which make up the cell walls, making the interior of the barrier a very stable environment for the coated nanoparticles.

Because of this similarity, the gold nanoparticles can be absorbed into the cell membrane without requiring any energy to push them through, and the membrane closes seamlessly behind them without letting anything else slip in behind them.

This is in contrast to uncoated gold nanoparticles, which actively damage the cell membrane when they pass through it, causing cell death. Many other peptides and other chemicals either have this same damaging effect, or cannot pass through the barrier at all.

This deeper understanding of the mechanism which allows nanoparticles to penetrate biological cells with such ease will make research into practical applications of the phenomenon a good deal simpler. Altering the coating used to target certain types of cell, or adding on functional groups to deliver additional functionality, will be much simpler now that the limiting parameters have been more clearly defined.

Azonano.com

Nano based bio/chem/genetic weapons anyone?
 
Old December 28th, 2013 #27
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Default Twitter feed warns Australian swimmers when sharks are nearby

Beach-goers swimming on the coast of Western Australia now have less cause to scan the horizon for a dorsal fin before wading into the water, thanks to a new Twitter feed that alerts them when a shark is lurking nearby.

Scientists attached electronic transmitters to over 320 sharks, including a number of great whites, and are now able to track the fish as they swim through the ocean. When one of the sharks swims within one kilometer of the shoreline, the transmitter sends a signal to an underwater receiver, which then triggers an automatic tweet in a feed belonging to Surf Life Saving Western Australia (@SLSWA).

Along with various pictures and safety tips, the feed tweets advisories about what species of shark was detected, where it was detected, and when. Australians can then choose which beach they want to visit by glancing at the @SLSWA page and seeing which one has fewer sharks in the area.

SLSWA’s Chris Peck told Sky News that the system is already popular - nearly 16,000 followers - because it communicates a shark’s location much faster than a newspaper, radio station, or even a website is able to.

“You might not have got some of that information until the following day in which case the hazard has long gone and the information might not be relevant,” he said. “Now it’s instant information and really people don’t have an excuse to say we’re not getting the information, it’s about whether you are searching for it and finding it.”

The initiative will not only be useful for swimmers, but also for the potential information it will provide to the scientific community.

“These detections and WA’s extensive receiver network are contributing to important research to help the government to better understand the movements of white sharks through WA waters, as well as playing a major public safety role,” said Dr. Rory McAuley, principal researcher at the Western Australia Department of Fisheries.

“The battery life of internal acoustic tags is up to 10 years so the scientific data that may be collected from this shark is unprecedented,” he continued.

Both researchers and the public hope this plan works, particularly because other non-lethal options have become harder to come by. Western Australia is the world’s deadliest place for shark attacks, with 35-year-old surfer Chris Boyd recently becoming the sixth person to be killed in two years.

Authorities scour the water by beach and helicopter, and lawmakers have recently agreed on a plan that permits fishermen who find sharks longer than three feet to kill the animal if it is swimming in a designated surfing or swimming area.

“This is a simple knee-jerk reaction, based on zero science,” environmentalist Ross Weir told Sky News of the plan, which also includes baiting water off the coastline to attract sharks in the summer months.

“It’s not going to have any positive benefit for beach goers and their safety and it’s certainly going to have a decimating effect on any great white sharks or other endangered shark species,” Weir said.

http://rt.com/news/shark-tweets-auss...-swimmers-898/
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Old January 16th, 2014 #28
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Old February 22nd, 2014 #29
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Default Brand-New Class of Shapes Discovered for the First Time in 400 Years

For the first time in 400 years, a new class of shapes has been described.



Meet the Goldberg polyhedra.
Two neurologists recently published a paper that describes a new class of shapes. (Image source: Schein et al. via Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences)



Now, Goldberg polyhedrons were actually first described in the 1930s by mathematician Michael Goldberg. They are symmetrical shapes are made up of pentagons and hexagons. But neurologists at the University of California at Los Angeles, described as “polyhedron lovers” by Science News believe they’ve discovered a new class of convex, equilateral polyhedra and named it after Goldberg, though they seem to disagree with Goldberg’s original shapes being considered polyhedra.

“It may be confusing because Goldberg called them polyhedra, a perfectly sensible name to a graph theorist, but to a geometer, polyhedra require planar faces,” study co-author Stan Schein told the Conversation.

“This is the first new class of convex, equilateral polyhedra with icosahedral symmetry in 400 years,” Schein, who discovered the shape with his colleague James Gayed, said, according to Science News.

The neurologists’ findings were published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences last week. In the paper’s abstract, the authors described this new class of convex equilateral polyhedrons.

The Goldberg polyhedra is “nearly spherical.” The faces of hexagons making up the shape have equal sides but unequal angles, while the “3gons, 4gons or 5gons” are regular, meaning they have equal side lengths and angles.

Here’s a bit more of a technical explanation about the shape from the study’s abstract:

We begin by decorating each of the triangular facets of a tetrahedron, an octahedron, or an icosahedron with the T vertices and connecting edges of a “Goldberg triangle.” We obtain the unique set of internal angles in each planar face of each polyhedron by solving a system of n equations and n variables, where the equations set the dihedral angle discrepancy about different types of edge to zero, and the variables are a subset of the internal angles in 6gons. Like the faces in Kepler’s rhombic polyhedra, the 6gon faces in Goldberg polyhedra are equilateral and planar but not equiangular. We show that there is just a single tetrahedral Goldberg polyhedron, a single octahedral one, and a systematic, countable infinity of icosahedral ones, one for each Goldberg triangle. Unlike carbon fullerenes and faceted viruses, the icosahedral Goldberg polyhedra are nearly spherical. The reasoning and techniques presented here will enable discovery of still more classes of convex equilateral polyhedra with polyhedral symmetry.

They discovered this new class of polyhedron while studying the human eye and the protein clathrin.

David Craven with the University of Birmingham explained to the Conversation that if one were to “take a cube and blow it up like a balloon,” its faces would bulge. To Schein and Gayed, this bulge would rule it out of being a polyhedron given that it wouldn’t have a planar — flat — face.



A Goldberg polyhedron described by Michael Goldberg. (Image source: Wikimedia)


“There are two problems: the bulging of the faces, whether it creates a shape like a saddle, and how you turn those bulging faces into multi-faceted shapes. The first is relatively easy to solve. The second is the main problem. Here one can draw hexagons on the side of the bulge, but these hexagons won’t be flat. The question is whether you can push and pull all these hexagons around to make each and everyone of them flat,” Craven told the Conversation.

To address this issue, which the researchers called the dihedral angle discrepancy, they found a way to flatten all the faces by making the dihedral angle discrepancy zero.

Branko Grunbaum, a mathematician at the University of Washington, told Science News the findings are “correct, and the result is new.”

As for how this discovery could be applied to other fields, the Conversation reported that it could impact research of virus structures.

http://www.theblaze.com/stories/2014...-in-400-years/
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Old February 27th, 2014 #30
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Default The 'Black Phone': This handset will SELF-DESTRUCT in 30 seconds

http://www.theregister.co.uk/2014/02/26/boeing_black/

Who makes the most secure smartphones? Is it Apple? Samsung? BlackBerry? Boeing is betting the US government's answer is "none of the above."

A filing with the US Federal Communications Commission first spotted by storage community site MyCE sheds new light on the aerospace giant's plans to market a smartphone that's specifically designed to be secure enough to be used by government agencies, the military, and their contractors.

According to the paperwork, that device is called the Boeing Black, model number H8V-BLK1, and its workings are so hush-hush that Boeing has filed to have its correspondence with the FCC deemed confidential and "permanently withheld from public inspection."

"Boeing's Black phone will be sold primarily to government agencies and companies engaged in contractual activities with those agencies that are related to defense and homeland security," the filing states. "The device will be marketed and sold in a manner such that low level technical and operational information about the product will not be provided to the general public."



Here's what we do know, based on the filing: The Boeing Black will be a dual-MicroSIM smartphone that supports GSM, WCDMA, and LTE on a wide range of bands to facilitate global use. It will also feature Wi-Fi and Bluetooth connectivity, and it will come equipped with USB, HDMI, and PDMI ports. From the supplied diagrams, it also looks like it might sport some kind of camera (often a no-no for top security work).

Back in 2012, a Boeing spokesman told National Defense Magazine that the company was planning to develop a secure smartphone based on Android, so we can only assume that's what the Black will be running, albeit with Boeing's own custom modifications.

Other than that, we have few details – and we're not likely to get any, either. From Boeing's filing:

There are no serviceable parts on Boeing's Black phone and any attempted servicing or replacing of parts would destroy the product. The Boeing Black phone is manufactured as a sealed device both with epoxy around the casing and with screws, the heads of which are covered with tamper proof covering to identify attempted disassembly. Any attempt to break open the casing of the device would trigger functions that would delete the data and software contained within the device and make the device inoperable.

The company further says that anyone who buys a Boeing Black will have to sign a confidentiality agreement banning them from disclosing any information about the product's hardware or software, let alone reverse engineering it.

Boeing isn't the only company interested in developing snoop-proof mobes. At the Mobile World Congress conference in Barcelona this week, Blackphone – a collaboration between Spanish startup Geeksphone and security firm Silent Circle – announced that its high-end secure smartphone was available for preorder.

While Blackphone will set you back $629, however, we're betting Boeing is counting on a bigger payout than that. When it launched its secure smartphone project in 2012, it observed that phones with military-grade security were selling for between $15,000 and $20,000 apiece.

"We are going to drive down towards a lower price point, but ... not mass-market price point," a Boeing VP said at the time. Taxpayers, get out your checkbooks.
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Old February 27th, 2014 #31
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Boeing isn't the only company interested in developing spy-proof mobes.
Garbage. What they mean is tamper proof. Every call, text and nude selfie would still be spied on by NSA lackeys.
 
Old March 15th, 2014 #32
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Atomic Car Revisited: Thorium Could Power A Vehicle for 100 Years?

By George Kennedy
March 14, 2014

A car that could run for 100 years on one tank of fuel? It sounds like a far-fetched idea, but it is just what a company is apparently claiming possible with the use of an atomic fuel that was abandoned during the Nixon administration. We’re talking about the sounds-too-good-to-be-true substance called “Thorium.”

Thorium is a naturally occurring radioactive element. It was discovered in 1828 by a Norwegian mineralogist and identified by a Swedish chemist, who then named it after the Norse god, Thor.

According to this video from The Young Turks (which is informative, if a little low-rent at times), if put to use properly, would be low pressure and have lower chances of danger to the environment and humans than a uranium-based reactor. The thorium reactors can be much smaller too. Like a conventional reactor, the heat produced would create steam that would power a turbine:

The report claims that small amount of the dense thorium could produce tremendous amounts of heat. A company called Laser Power Systems is attempting to employ this power source in a vehicle. The company claims that: “1 gram [of thorium] yields more energy than 7,396 gallons of gas.” By their math, 8 grams of the substance could power a thorium turbine car for a century. This is not the first time this fuel has been suggested for cars. The concept of an automobile use was brought up in the 2011 documentary “The Thorium Dream”:

It has also been envisioned as a power source futuristic-looking designs like the Cadillac World Thorium Fuel Concept, shown here.

Could this be a viable fuel for car? The testing in the 1960s found that the Thorium tetrafluoride used in a molten salt reactor was easier to process and quicker to stop a chain reaction, but light water reactors are far more common. In the LWR, thorium produces the same levels of toxic waste as our good ole’ uranium reactor. So there still may be a long way to go before we’re driving atomic cars.

http://autos.yahoo.com/news/atomic-c...140052713.html
 
Old April 21st, 2014 #33
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http://m.wimp.com/tinyrobots/
Tiny robots zipping around and constructing things.
 
Old April 25th, 2014 #34
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Default Researchers Invent a Camouflage Material That Changes Like a Chameleon

http://gizmodo.com/researchers-inven...s-l-1566504014

Mother Nature has already mastered the art of camouflage, so it only makes sense that we steal her ideas when it comes to the art of hiding. Researchers at the University of Michigan have developed a remarkable new material "inspired" by chameleons, which can change shape and color under different lighting conditions.

Making the material starts with a sheet of transparent indium tin oxide which is usually used in computer displays. On top of that goes a solution that includes a new type of crystal—developed by the U of M researchers—that's chemically similar to the ingredients found in latex paint.

However, when light hits that top layer, it creates an electrical charge on the underlying metallic sheet that causes the crystal particles to move towards or away from it, creating distinct shapes or patterns. Similar materials have existed before, but they could only form pre-existing shapes and templates on the underlying material. But this new approach mimics the exact shape of the light that hits it.

The new material could eventually pave the way for active camouflage that's able to match unique patterns or colors all around it, based on reflected light hitting it. Or displays for mobile devices that are able to adjust themselves for better contrast, depending on where they're being viewed.


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Old April 25th, 2014 #35
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Default Nissan Invents "Self-Cleaning" Car with Paint that Repels Dirt [Video]

http://www.autoevolution.com/news/ni...deo-80416.html

Ever the tech-savvy company, Nissan has just show that cleaning your car doesn't have to be something you spend money on every other week. Thanks to a coat of special nano paint that repels dirt, mud, rain and polution no longer sticks to the car.

A specially prepared Nissan Note is used to demonstrate the technology in the next video. One side is left untreated, the other is coated in a trial paint that will one day make car washes obsolete.

The Japanese automaker has already moved to trademark its technology under the name Ultra-Ever Dry as it seeks to become the first to offer it on the mass market in Europe. The paint is hydrophobic and oleophobic and works by creating a layer of air between it and the dirt, which then naturally falls off.

Nissan has not yet made a final decision to move to production and is still testing the product. However, similar systems has been tested on everything from clothing to cellphones with good results. Since their premium division Infiniti was the first to market self-repairing paint, we wouldn't be surprised to see Nissan taking a leap as well.

Geraldine Ingham, Chief Marketing Manager for Nissan Note, comments, "The Nissan Note has been carefully engineered to take the stress out of customer driving and Nissan's engineers are constantly thinking of new ways to make families' lives easier. We are committed to addressing everyday problems our customers face and will always consider testing exciting, cutting edge technology like this incredible coating application."


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Old June 2nd, 2014 #36
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Default Dandelion milk used to produce rubber

Despite lower yields and labor-intensive collection, like making butter from coal, this is still a step away from depending on China and Vietnam for rubber and slip-shod tires:

https://www.google.nl/search?q=badis...l%3B943%3B1024

http://www.fraunhofer.de/en.html

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Von der Solarzelle bis zum MP-3-"Player" - fünf "Top"-Forschungsergebnisse der Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft


Other inventions pictured in the printed article:


Last edited by Samuel Toothgold; June 2nd, 2014 at 06:49 AM.
 
Old February 18th, 2019 #37
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Secede. Control taxbases/municipalities. Use boycotts, divestment, sanctions, strikes.
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