|January 27th, 2008||#1|
Rhodesia/Zimbabwe: Mudgabe Turns On Jew Hoogstraten!
This thread is stickied as a primer. The intent is to give you, the newcomer, a backgrounder on Rhodesia/Zimbabwe, so that you can understand what it was, and how it got jewed, and what the ongoing results of that jewing are. Included in this thread are
- William Pierce ADV
- movie "Africa Addio" (about the ending of colonialism, and the wacky practices of the newly empowered natives)]
Tycoon Van Hoogstraten arrested in Zimbabwe
Mugabe apologist is accused of flouting currency exchange laws and possessing pornography
Sunday January 27, 2008
The notorious property tycoon and dirty jew Nicholas van Hoogstraten has been arrested in Zimbabwe on charges of breaking the troubled country's currency exchange laws and possessing pornography.
The move is being seen in some quarters as part of a plan by Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe to seize his once close supporter's multi-million-pound business empire, which spans mining, tourism and property interests.
Police detained Van Hoogstraten after a raid on his home last Thursday, charging him with collecting rent on his properties in foreign currency. Zimbabwean law prohibits the payment of foreign currency for local goods and services.
The arrest represents an astonishing reversal in fortunes for the multi-millionaire father-of-five, who divides his time between Zimbabwe and Hamilton Place, his half-built, £40m mansion in Sussex, from where he runs the British end of his empire. Van Hoogstraten, 62, has made much of his money in Zimbabwe, thanks to his close relationship with Mugabe's Zanu-PF party. He owns about 200 residential and business properties in Zimbabwe, according to the police, has significant investments on the Zimbabwe stock exchange, and reportedly owns an estimated 600,000 hectares in the country.
However, crippling inflation has sent Zimbabwe into political and economic turmoil. The country's central bank chief, Gideon Gono, recently blamed the crisis on 'cash barons', whom he accuses of hoarding Zimbabwean dollars and exchanging them for foreign currency.
According to the police, when arrested Van Hoogstraten was in possession of US$37,586, 92,880 South African rand and £190, as well as 20bn Zimbabwe dollars, worth around US$3,333 on the black market.
In what seems to have been a carefully orchestrated media operation by the authorities, news bulletins showed police parading Van Hoogstraten before state television cameras holding wads of money. 'Van Hoogstraten is being charged under the exchange control regulations for charging a service and dealing in foreign currency,' said Zimbabwean police spokesman Wayne Bvudzijena.
He added that the tycoon had demanded six months' rent in foreign currency from his tenants, one of whom had been an informant. 'The police informant had been asked to pay in the region of US$8,000,' Bvudzijena said, adding that the tycoon also faced charges linked to pornographic material found in his house. If found guilty, Van Hoogstraten will face a fine and be forced to hand over the foreign money, according to local media reports.
Until recently Van Hoogstraten was a firm supporter of Mugabe and has boasted of his close relationship with the President. He has said Mugabe was one of the first people to offer him congratulations on his release from prison after being jailed for manslaughter. He has also criticised newspaper reporting about the regime in Zimbabwe.
There was speculation last night that his arrest may have more to do with Zimbabwe's changing political landscape than his alleged currency violations. David Banks, a close observer of political developments in Zimbabwe, who has met Van Hoogstraten and advises MPs on the country's state of affairs, said it had always been a question of when, rather than whether, the tycoon fell out with Mugabe. 'This is a brutal dictator who murdered friends and colleagues when they threatened his grip on power, so why should he worry about what happens to Van Hoogstraten?' Banks asked.
With elections due in March, Van Hoogstraten's arrest was a political move designed to shore up Mugabe's position, Banks suggested. 'Mugabe is running out of patronage,' he said. 'There is a shortage of sweeteners he can offer to try to buy support. His arrest may signal Mugabe intends to start seizing Van Hoogstraten's assets.'
Van Hoogstraten's arrest is the latest in a long line of clashes with the law. In the Sixties Van Hoogstraten - who has referred to his tenants as 'scum' - was jailed for four years for arranging for a hand grenade to be thrown through the window of someone who owed him money. In 2002 he was convicted of manslaughter and sentenced to 10 years in jail after a business associate, Mohammed Raja, was shot and killed by two hired hitmen. He appealed against the conviction, which was overturned in 2003. In 2005 a civil court ordered that Van Hoogstraten pay the murdered man's family £6m in damages.
Last edited by Alex Linder; January 27th, 2008 at 05:11 PM.
|January 27th, 2008||#2|
Re: Zimbabwe: Mudgabe Turns On Van Hoogstratten!
American Dissident Voices Broadcast of April 29, 2000
I've spoken about the murderous racial attacks against the farmers in
Rhodesia during the previous two broadcasts, but the situation there
continues to worsen, and I'm obliged to speak about it again today,
because the mass media in America continue largely to avoid the subject.
In addition to the invasion of White farms by armed Black gangs and the
murder of White farmers, the Black supporters of dictator Robert Mugabe
have turned to a new terror tactic against Whites: the gang rape of
Eleven days ago, on April 18, a Black gang burst into the home of a
White family just outside Salisbury, now called "Harare." They seized
28-year-old Brendan Jowett and repeatedly smashed him in the head and
face with a brick, until he lost consciousness. They dragged his
25-year-old wife Tonia into a bedroom and gang-raped her. Then they
found Tonia's 18-year-old sister, Laura Wiggins, hiding in a cupboard.
They dragged her out and raped her repeatedly.
Then the Blacks poured furniture polish, which they believed was fuel
oil, over their victims and attempted to set them afire, first with
matches and then with a burning log from the fireplace, but the
furniture polish would not burn. Finally the Blacks stole everything
they could carry away and fled. On the same day another White farmer and
his wife had gasoline poured on them, but when the Blacks were ready to
burn their victims they discovered that they had forgotten to bring
matches. The farmer and his wife got away with a brutal beating and the
wrecking and looting of their home. White Rhodesians should at least be
thankful for the ineptitude of the Blacks.
In the face of the overwhelming numerical advantage held by the Blacks,
Black ineptitude is not enough to save the Whites of Rhodesia from their
enemies, unfortunately. As I reported last Saturday, on Tuesday of last
week, a Black mob murdered Martin Olds on his farm near Bulawayo,
Rhodesia's second-largest city. The 43-year-old White farmer knew that
Black mobs were operating in his area, and he had sent his wife Kathy
and his two children, 17-year-old Martine and 14-year-old Angus, to stay
with friends in the city. Olds was a former member of the Grey Scouts,
Rhodesia's elite anti-terrorist unit, before his country surrendered
itself to Black rule in 1979. His neighbors considered him completely
fearless. Ten years ago, when a friend had been seized by a crocodile,
Olds had leaped from his boat and wrestled the crocodile in order to
free his friend.
Olds was alone on his 12,000-acre cattle farm when a mob of 70 armed
Blacks attacked his farmhouse early Tuesday morning. He telephoned the
police station, which was less than ten minutes away, but the Black
police didn't show up until five hours later, after he was dead and the
attackers were gone. Olds defended himself with a shotgun and a hunting
rifle, and he wounded several of his attackers. He himself was hit by
several bullets, and the bone in one leg was shattered. He bandaged and
splinted his leg and continued defending himself until he lost
consciousness. Then the Blacks swarmed over him and beat him to death
As the news of the gang rapes and of the murder of Martin Olds spread,
many White farm families abandoned their homes and fled to the cities.
Black gangs then were free to wreck and loot their homes without any
resistance. One thing the Black gangs always do is kill any pets the
Whites leave behind when they flee. Two days after the Olds murder, on
Thursday of last week, an Associated Press TV News camera crew happened
to be present when a mob of 200 Blacks rampaged through a White farm
near the town of Arcturus, 35 miles northeast of Salisbury. The farm
belongs to Alan Windram, but Windram and his family already had fled.
The Blacks found Windram's six dogs and beat and stoned them to death
while the Associated Press crew filmed the incident. The Blacks were
hooting, jumping around, and gesticulating in their typical manner while
they killed the dogs, obviously enjoying themselves immensely. Then the
Blacks wrecked Windram's farmhouse and burned the homes of at least 30
of his workers. All of this was recorded by the Associated Press camera
crew, but believe me, it'll be a cold day in hell before you see any of
it on network television in America. It makes Blacks look bad. It might
make some animal lovers like Blacks less.
Coincidentally, at the same time Martin Olds was being murdered on April
18, squads of Black police were raiding other White farms in the same
area and seizing firearms from White farmers, leaving them defenseless.
And also on that day, which happened to be the anniversary of the
surrender of White Rhodesia to the Blacks, Britain's Queen Elizabeth
sent a message of congratulation and goodwill to Robert Mugabe. And the
Queen expressed not a word of concern or disapproval about Mugabe's
genocidal policy toward Rhodesia's White farmers. The British
government, of course, has been on the wrong side of the Black campaign
against Whites in Africa ever since being on the wrong side of the
Second World War.
Oh, yes: the British government did make one additional statement about
Rhodesia on April 18. Tony Blair's Foreign Office announced that no
special considerations would be given to White Rhodesians seeking asylum
in Britain from the ethnic cleansing now going on in Rhodesia, or
"Zimbabwe," as Blair and company prefer to call it. They will not be
permitted into Britain unless they can prove that they will be able to
support themselves. As I mentioned last week, Tony Blair is not eager to
have an influx of White immigrants who almost certainly will not vote
for his party. Black Rhodesians, yes; White Rhodesians, no.
But there is one resident of Rhodesia, neither White nor Black, who
always will find a cordial welcome in Tony Blair's Britain. That is a
54-year-old man named Nicholas Hoogstraten. Hoogstraten is a billionaire
landowner in Rhodesia. He began buying land there in 1963 and now owns
nine large farms and cattle ranches totaling more than a million acres.
He also is a long-time financial backer of Robert Mugabe and his
Zimbabwe African National Union-Popular Front, or ZANU-PF for short. He
began backing Mugabe in the 1960s and continued backing him all during
the time ZANU was waging a terrorist war against Rhodesia's White
population. He still backs Mugabe financially, and in an interview with
a major British newspaper, the Guardian, which appeared in the April 21
issue of that newspaper, he disparaged Rhodesia's White farmers and
blamed the country's present turmoil entirely on them. He told the
Guardian, and I quote: "This has all been stirred up by White
disenfranchised trash who still think it's Rhodesia. I have some good
White friends in Zimbabwe, but these Rhodies, as we call them, are
disgusting people. They want to ruin the country. They treat the Blacks
worse than Blacks are treated in America. I've had no problem with
indigenizing my properties." -- end quote -- What he meant by that last
statement is that when he buys a farm from a White family fleeing the
country to get away from the Black terrorists he supports, he fires the
White managers and foremen and hires Blacks belonging to Mugabe's party
to take the Whites' place. He told the Guardian that he expects that
this practice, plus his continued support for Mugabe, will ensure that
his properties will remain safe from the marauding mobs of squatters who
have been wrecking and taking over White farms.
Last Friday's Guardian also provides a number of other fascinating
details about Hoogstraten. For example, he went to prison briefly in the
1960s after he threw a hand grenade at the home of a business rival. One
detail the Guardian neglected to mention, however, is that Hoogstraten
is a Jew. His family, after being expelled from Spain at the end of the
15th century, settled in the Netherlands, which accounts for his
Dutch-sounding name. During the 17th and 18th centuries his family were
among the Netherlands' most active dealers in Black slaves, shipping
hundreds of thousands of them from the west coast of Africa to the New
World. He is a kike's kike. Not only does he refer to the men and women
who built Rhodesia as "White trash," but he refers to Gentile women as
"chattels" -- that's the word this unbelievably arrogant Hebrew actually
used in his Guardian interview -- and bragged to the newspaper that he
keeps his mansions in Brighton, in Cannes, in Monte Carlo, in Maryland,
in Florida, and in Rhodesia stocked with White women for his pleasure.
Imagine how pleased with himself Hoogstraten must be. He goes to
Rhodesia in 1963 as a 17-year-old with the money his ancestors made
selling Black flesh; he sizes up the conflict between the White
Rhodesians and the Black terrorists and bets that the terrorists will
win because the Whites are too soft and too Christian to beat them; he
secretly makes contact with the terrorists and begins financing Mugabe;
and at the same time he begins buying up White farm land. When the
Whites finally cave in and give up, the price of land in Rhodesia drops
sharply and Hoogstraten is able to buy much more of it. Now he is
forcing the price of land even lower by continuing to support Mugabe's
terrorist tactics and expects soon to be in a position to buy as much
more land as he wants at fire-sale prices.
That is really Tony Blair's kind of Jew. How the trendy liberals of
Britain must admire him! As for me, Hoogstraten's really exceptional
behavior -- living among Rhodesia's Whites and pretending to be one of
them while secretly financing the Black terrorist gangs who were killing
White farmers and their wives and children, all so that he would be
better positioned to grab their land -- is just one more bit of evidence
that Jews indeed are not like us. It is difficult even to believe that
they belong to the same species.
Even without the malign influence of Hoogstraten and his ilk, the
Rhodesians had serious problems in the 1960s and 1970s, and because they
are problems which also afflict us in America and our kinsmen in Europe
today, they deserve our attention. In the face of a Black terrorist war
against them in the 1960s and 1970s, the Rhodesians were presented with
the need to make a hard decision: either to yield their country to the
Blacks or to put an end to the threat. They evaded this decision and
tried to choose a middle course, and they fell between two stools.
In the 1950s Rhodesia was a prosperous, White country, and it was a very
pleasant place to live. The Rhodesians had worked hard and well to build
their country and develop their farms. They were a nation of strong men
and beautiful women. They played as hard as they worked. Rhodesia was
the jewel in the crown of the British Empire. When the rot back in
London led the British government to begin dismantling its empire and
turning its colonies over to the local savages, the Rhodesians declared
their independence and made an effort to preserve the country where they
had been born and bred. But the rot had infected the Rhodesians as well.
It was easy enough for them to see the trend of things in the world. The
forces of liberalism and egalitarianism had won the bloodiest and most
destructive war in the history of the world. The best people all over
Europe had been hunted down and butchered, and the worst people were
ruling. Democracy and equality were triumphant, and their minions were
eager to spread their plague to the whole world -- or at least, to the
whole White world. Though infected with the same madness raging in
Europe, the Rhodesians naturally enough were not eager to commit
suicide. They refused to turn their country over to the gangs of Black
terrorists which were beginning to become active with the support of
predatory Jews such as Hoogstraten -- and also with the support of the
Christian churches, in which the madness seems to have taken hold with
But the problem extended beyond the Jews and the Christian clerics. It
was in the Rhodesian people themselves. During the war they also had
supported enthusiastically the forces of darkness and democracy. It was
not so easy after the war to realize that they had made a terrible
mistake, and that the master they had served during the war was
preparing to devour them, just as it had devoured the Germans and the
Poles and the Hungarians and the Ukrainians and the Russians and the
Latvians and many another nation of their kinsmen in Europe. And I'm not
talking now only about Soviet Communism. I'm talking about the more
general sickness, the more general madness, of which communism is merely
an extreme manifestation.
As I said, it was easy enough for the Rhodesians to see the trend of
things, to see the push for more equality and more democracy everywhere,
and the more thoughtful Rhodesians certainly could extrapolate the trend
and realize that it would mean the death of their country. But already
caught up in it as they were, they could not bring themselves simply to
reject it altogether and to reorient themselves in a better and
healthier direction. They could not simply say, "Whoa! We see now where
this madness of equality and democracy is heading. We can see that it
means yielding ourselves to Black rule and watching everything that we
have built be destroyed. We refuse to take that course. We reject
equality and democracy. We recognize every institution and every group
and every individual trying to push us along that course as our enemy,
and we will oppose our enemies with all of our strength of body and mind
and spirit." That was what they should have said, but they didn't. The
rot was already in their own souls.
To be, or not to be: that was the question faced by the Rhodesians, and
they did not have the strength of character to choose to be and then to
accept all of the implications of that choice. They did not want not to
be, but they could not accept what the choice to be entailed, and so now
they will perish. The country they and their forefathers worked and
sacrificed for will fall into the hands of creatures such as Hoogstraten
and Mugabe, who chose to be, and who accepted all of the implications of
What are the implications of choosing to be instead of not to be, of
choosing life instead of death? The Rhodesians should have assessed
their situation realistically when their problem became apparent, around
1955 or so, and they should have accepted the fact that they could not
continue existing as a ruling minority over a Black majority when the
rest of the world was hell-bent for equality and democracy. They did not
have the option which has worked so well for the Jews nearly everywhere
of disguising themselves and blending in with the majority population.
They could not pretend to be Shonas or Zulus or what have you, the way
Hoogstraten had pretended to be a White Rhodesian, while maintaining a
secret unity among themselves and also maintaining their control and
ownership of the country. It wasn't just that the very obvious racial
differences would have kept them from blending in and convincing anyone
that they were Blacks, the way Hoogstraten had been able to blend in and
convince everyone that he was a Rhodesian; they also couldn't squat in
their filth and scratch their fleas and eat insects -- or each other, in
order to persuade the world that they really were equal to the Blacks.
Since they couldn't blend in, they might have tried another Jewish
tactic: control the opposition. If loyal, healthy Rhodesians had owned
the big newspapers back in Britain and had gotten their people into the
controlling positions in the BBC -- and also in Hollywood, since the
output of Hollywood poisons the whole White world, and not just America
-- if White Rhodesians had been able to control the media in Britain and
America, and therefore control the British government and British public
opinion, they could have continued in the more or less quiet possession
of their country indefinitely. They could have suppressed the deranged
clerics, and they could have used any Black terrorist groups which
sprang up for weekend target practice. But that option really wasn't
open to them either. They didn't control the media. The Jews did, and
the Jews weren't about to let go. The Rhodesians simply didn't have the
resources or the time to take the media away from the Jews, even if they
had had the will.
The one option open to them was to get rid of the Blacks. The only
reason there was a Black majority in Rhodesia was that the Whites who
had come to Rhodesia before them had made the country fertile and
prosperous and able to support a much larger population. There had been
only 100,000 Blacks in the whole area when the Whites began farming in
Rhodesia. And of course, the Whites utilized the Blacks for labor. They
thought that course more economically sound than exterminating or
expelling them. And in the short run it was, but now the long run is
catching up with them. In America in the 17th and 18th centuries it
seemed economically sound to buy Black slaves from Mr. Hoogstraten's
ancestors to work the land in the southern colonies, but now the long
run has caught up with White Americans also.
It would have been very difficult, very costly, very painful, for the
Rhodesians to extricate themselves from their mess in 1950. It would
have required determination and intelligence and subterfuge, but it
could have been done -- if they had had the will to do it. They might
even have done it in 1960. But in neither 1950 nor 1960 did they have
the will. The Christians among them would have been horrified by the
thought of getting rid of the Blacks, of either eradicating them or
driving them out, just as the Christians in America today cannot cope
with the demands of racial survival in this world.
But it wasn't just the Christian inability to make hard decisions. Greed
and plain, old-fashioned stupidity played major roles as well. The big
commercial farmers were interested in current profits above all. They
weren't willing to give up their Black workers. They weren't willing to
do the expensive things needed to replace the Black workers, such as
offering free land or very cheap land to White workers in Europe or
America or South Africa, if they would come to Rhodesia. The big
commercial farmers thought themselves indispensable. They could not
imagine the Blacks would be so foolish as to kill the goose which was
laying the golden eggs. They were willing to sacrifice the interests of
their fellow Whites in order to hold onto their own advantages.
And as I just said there also was much stupidity. Even today there are
White Rhodesians who believe that the problem is just Robert Mugabe. If
another Black, a more reasonable Black, would take his place, then
things would be all right in Rhodesia again, they believe.
Well, as I said, the Rhodesians could not accept the hard requirements
of choosing life in this hard and unforgiving world, and so now they
will perish. Let us in America ponder that, and let at least some of us
learn from it.
|January 27th, 2008||#3|
Formerly Cowboy Zeke
Join Date: Mar 2005
Re: Zimbabwe: Mudgabe Turns On Jew Hoogstraten!
Alex this exact speech is the one which turned the light on in my brain how evil the jews are. I hope that fucking jew gets diced into small bite size pieces.
In fact, the moment I knew I was a racist was when I was 13 and they had some picture in Time magazine of a white traitor whore kissing a nigger through a chain link fence in Africa during aparteid. I was furious but only thought the nigger was the problem at that time.
I realize now it is a jew who had taken the picture, as well as had set it up, and who had gotten to the level where they had the voice to criticize whites.
Every jew is going to be destroyed in the end, good jew, bad jew, or just jew because they all give birth to bad jews. ITZ COMING, and faster than we realize.
Channon and Chris; gone but not forgotten.
Fuck you hippie, you are the system.
Jews are not just a race or just a religion; they are a race who worship themselves religiously.
|January 27th, 2008||#5|
Join Date: Jul 2007
Re: Zimbabwe: Mudgabe Turns On Jew Hoogstraten!
What with the ingratitude of these niggers, look for Hoogstraten to join AmRen, or at least to become itz poster boy.
|January 27th, 2008||#6|
Join Date: Dec 2003
Location: Upper midwest around cattle.
Re: Zimbabwe: Mudgabe Turns On Jew Hoogstraten!
What a great example of the future for the jew when itz petz, the niggerz, become powerful and independent. I too hope he ends up in tiny little pieces, traveling through the colons of dark savages, to be shat out unceremoniously. But what will probably happen is he will give up his holdings in zimland in exchange for his freedom. He will then flee back to the UK where he will conspire with his tribe and plan to slap Mudgumby around if not outright kill him. I can dream though.
|January 27th, 2008||#7|
Nice shot Troy you got him
Join Date: Jun 2006
Blog Entries: 1
Re: Zimbabwe: Mudgabe Turns On Jew Hoogstraten!
The jew started out in Brighton in England as a Jew slum landlord. He has had many people beaten up for not paying rent on time. He was chased out of the country after one of his Packi business partners died suspiciously; he jewed his way out of the case, but things for him in England were dodgy after that. The guy is meglamaniac. He owns a 200 bedroom mansion with his own mausoleum for when he dies. He is also is a pervert race-mixer; what the article does not mention is that he has 15 or so half-caste bantu bastards.
|January 27th, 2008||#8|
Join Date: Dec 2003
Re: Zimbabwe: Mudgabe Turns On Jew Hoogstraten!
Wow, I know the Hoogstraten story from that ADV too! I remember it made me feel hopeless that such a thing as a Hoogstraten runs free and prospers. I never thought this would happen to him!
I still fear that the Hoogstraten will end up breaking free of Mugabe, but at any rate, this is a great portent. The jews colored lackeys turning against them is the very dictionary definition of "poetic justice."
Godzilla mit uns!
|January 27th, 2008||#9|
Nice shot Troy you got him
Join Date: Jun 2006
Blog Entries: 1
Re: Zimbabwe: Mudgabe Turns On Jew Hoogstraten!
I don't think this is part of a growing trend, it is more to do with the fact that Zimbabwe's leader is an old nigger who knows he is going to die soon, and so wants stuffas much chaos and insolence into his remaining years as he can.
If the leader had a whole lot of years in front of them he would be working with Jews like crazy.
|January 27th, 2008||#10|
Join Date: Aug 2005
Re: Zimbabwe: Mudgabe Turns On Jew Hoogstraten!
That ADV is essentially correct. Our enemies have destroyed and continue to destroy our race and our nations. However, it is Whites who allow it to happen. Rhodesia could still be a prosperous, White nation. So could South Africa. Rhodesia gave their nation to the kaffirs in 1979. They did this knowing full well what would happen because of what had happened to other White nations in Africa that had let the kaffirs take control. South Africa voted to give their nation to the kaffirs 15 years after Rhodesia gave up their nation in 1994, even after seeing what happened to Rhodesia under 15 years of kaffir rule. This is certainly not a condemation of the entire White populations of those two countries, as tens of thousands of White Rhodesians and millions of White South Africans wanted to keep their nation under White rule. Unfortunately those Whites were in the minority of a ruling minority and now they are paying a terrible price for their racial kinsmen's mistakes. No other race would EVER voluntarily hand over control of their nation or vote to give control of their nation to another race or ethnicity. Only Whites are too smart to do that. Or is it not smart enough? As stupid and backwards as the mud races are, they have one thing Whites lack that will ensure their survival: racial cohesiveness, or racial identity. If Whites as a race had that, instead of the mentality that there are "good" blacks and "niggers," we would rule the world without challenge. Greed is also a factor: corporate Whites allow the muds to work in our nations so they can make billions. There is no racial loyalty-working class Whites suffer as a result. Whites need to get their thinking straight before it is too late.
|January 27th, 2008||#15|
Join Date: Sep 2005
Re: Zimbabwe: Mudgabe Turns On Jew Hoogstraten!
Even though his family came from the Netherlands, he still can't hide his jew features...
|January 27th, 2008||#17|
Re: Zimbabwe: Mudgabe Turns On Jew Hoogstraten!
Pierce's ADV fits very nicely with Africa Addio...
|February 11th, 2008||#19|
Re: Zimbabwe: Mudgabe Turns On Jew Hoogstraten!
Zimbabwe Standard (Harare)
10 February 2008
A number of politicians in Zanu PF have challenged President Robert Mugabe's leadership since 1975. Some did it with subtlety, others openly.
So far, none have succeeded, either in a free and fair election, or by means beloved of all politicians: subterfuge, intrigue and duplicity.
It would be unfair to state categorically that all have failed because Mugabe is a past master of all these methods. Neither would it be accurate to say they failed because he had "right" on his side.
Many would ascribe his survival to a mastery of the art of patronage and influence-peddling.
Most who have challenged him had legitimate reasons, mostly related with his style of leadership, which has always tended to be dictatorial.
There has also been his glaring failure to respond positively to ordinary people's concerns about the true, material meaning of our independence. While he harped on the victories, people worried about hunger, health, jobs, freedom and happiness.
But one thing must be certain by now, even to Mugabe himself. The discontent with his leadership is now so intense even he must know a climax is imminent.
Simba Makoni's challenge, the latest in the last few years, is poignant in its clarity. He says he shares the people's agony over, generally speaking, the emptiness of our independence.
Mugabe has often erred in concentrating on the achievement of independence, rather than on the aftermath of the struggle. There were dreams, promises, pledges, undertakings and solemn commitments to give the people a place in the sun, after the 15-year struggle in which nearly 30 000 people died.
In reality, only a few people now live off the fat of the land. Most are desperately poor, living on less than a US$1 a day. The communal areas, where Mugabe's party has traditionally enjoyed massive support, have been turned into a wasteland.
Neither the chaotic land reform programme nor the recent distribution of tractors, combine harvesters nor ploughs to the party faithful has made a dent on the poverty there. [Made a dent on it? They've created the poverty. Driving out white farmers and replacing them with 60-IQ dirt-eaters is not a recipe for agricultural success. It's a recipe for starvation.]
Like Simba Makoni and those who stand behind him in his challenge, many of the people in the rural areas know, in their heart of hearts, that Mugabe has failed to deliver on his and Zanu PF's promises. It is time for him to bow out, gracefully, if possible.
He, of all people, must appreciate that to stubbornly cling to power when he has clearly outlived his people's welcome would be dangerous, not only for himself as an individual, but for the country too.
He may count among his successes in the power stakes his victories over Ndabaningi Sithole, Edgar Tekere, even Joshua Nkomo and Eddison Zvobgo. But he cannot believe himself to be invincible.
Like all of us, he is fallible. Like all other political parties in the world, his party is fallible but would survive without him, as the communist parties of China, Cuba and the former Soviet Union, have survived.
He may not believe, as some of his critics seem to believe he does, that he is Zanu PF and the party is Robert Mugabe. But the stubbornness with which he refuses to let go of his seat suggests he is utterly incapable of conceiving of the party without him or he without the party.
Yet the prime concern of everyone in this great country is its future. With Mugabe and Zanu PF at the helm, the future is dark, empty. Whether Makoni can make a difference may be a mute questsion. What is clear is that under Mugabe there is no future at all.
|February 11th, 2008||#20|
Re: Zimbabwe: Mudgabe Turns On Jew Hoogstraten!
[Mugabe's background, from Wikipedia. Note that Mugabe is Western educated, but it makes no difference. The bananaman always outs.]
Robert Gabriel Mugabe KCB (born on February 21, 1924) has served as the head of government in Zimbabwe since 1980, as Prime Minister from 1980 to 1987 and as the first executive President since 1987.
He rose to prominence in the 1970s as a leader of the Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU) in guerrilla warfare against white-minority rule in Rhodesia in the Bush War (1964–1979).
Mugabe is an outspoken, controversial and polarizing figure. He is considered by many members of the African public a hero of the fight for independence. However progressive movements and individuals on the continent have been profoundly critical of him, particularly since Operation Murambatsvina in 2005. Nevertheless his defenders claim that opposition to him mostly comes from the United States, Europe, and British Commonwealth countries, the Mugabe administration has been accused of corruption, suppression of political opposition, mishandling of land reform, economic mismanagement, and deteriorating human rights in Zimbabwe. According to critics, his administration's policies have led to economic collapse and massive starvation over the course of the last ten years. Zimbabwe has the highest inflation rate in the world predicted to hit 1.5 million per cent by the end of 2007, and is, according to the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa, Africa's worst economic performer. With a record 85% unemployment and approx. 8000% inflation rates, Zimbabwe is in its worst economic crisis since Mugabe took power. British Foreign Minister Peter Hain, senior Zimbabwean Roman Catholic bishops and John Sentamu, the Archbishop of York and others accused Mugabe's government of racist policies. Mugabe, in turn, has called his critics "born again colonialists," and his allies in the African community respond to his critics by saying that Zimbabwe's problems are the legacy of colonialism.
[Blacks always blame Whites for their problems. They get away with this because the jews in the media back them. In fact, the jews put the idea of blaming the White man in their heads in the first place. So wherever nigs destroy a neighborhood, city, or nation, it's never the blacks who are to blame but "white racism," or "the legacy of colonialism," or "decades of apartheid."]
Mugabe was born in Matibiri village near Kutama Mission in the Zvimba District northeast of Salisbury in Southern Rhodesia. His father, Gabriel Mugabe Matibiri, a carpenter, abandoned the Mugabe family in 1934 in search of work in Bulawayo. Mugabe was raised as a Roman Catholic, studying in Marist Brothers and Jesuit schools, including the exclusive Kutama College. He was bookish and very close to his mother in his youth. He qualified as a teacher, but left to study at Fort Hare in South Africa graduating in 1951 while meeting contemporaries such as Julius Nyerere, Herbert Chitepo, Robert Sobukwe and Kenneth Kaunda. He then studied at Driefontein in 1952, Salisbury (1953), Gwelo (1954), and Tanzania (1955–1957). Mugabe later asserted that in addition to his seven academic degrees, he possessed a "degree in violence."
Originally graduating with a B.A. degree from the University of Fort Hare in 1951, Mugabe proceeded to earn a B.Sc. degree in economics from the University of London, and then five more degrees, being a M.Sc., LL.B., LL.M., B.Ed. and a B.A. in Administration, all from the University of South Africa.
Subsequently, Mugabe lectured at Chalimbana Teacher Training College, in Zambia from 1955–1958, thereafter he taught at Apowa Secondary School at Takoradi, in the Western Region of Ghana (1958 – 1960) where he met Sally Hayfron, who later became his first wife. During his stay in Ghana, he was influenced and inspired by Ghana's then-Prime Minister, Kwame Nkrumah. In addition, Mugabe and some of his Zimbabwe African National Union party cadres received instruction at the Kwame Nkrumah Ideological Institute, then at Winneba in southern Ghana.
Early political career
Mugabe returned to Southern Rhodesia and joined the National Democratic Party in 1960. The administration of Prime Minister Ian Smith immediately banned the NDP when it later became Joshua Nkomo's Zimbabwe African Peoples Union (ZAPU). He left ZAPU in 1963 to join the rival Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU) which had been formed in 1963 by the Reverend Ndabaningi Sithole, Edson Zvobgo, Enos Nkala and lawyer Herbert Chitepo. ZANU was influenced by the Africanist ideas of the Pan Africanist Congress in South Africa and influenced by Maoism while ZAPU was an ally of the African National Congress and was a supporter of a more orthodox pro-Soviet line on national liberation. Similar divisions can also be seen in the liberation movement in Angola between the MPLA and UNITA.It would have been easy for the party to split along tribal lines between the Ndebele and Mugabe's own, the Shona tribe, but cross-tribal representation was maintained by his partners. ZANU leader Sithole nominated Robert Mugabe as his Secretary General.
In 1964 he was arrested for “subversive speech” and spent the next 10 years in prison. During that period he earned three degrees, including a law degree and a bachelor of administration from London by correspondence courses. While still in prison he led a coup in 1974 deposing Sithole as ZANU's leader. His time in prison burnished his reputation and helped his cause. Smith did not allow Mugabe out of prison to attend the funeral of Mugabe's four-year-old son.
Mugabe unilaterally assumed control of ZANU from Mozambique. Later that year, after squabbling with Ndabaningi Sithole, Mugabe formed a militant ZANU faction, leaving Sithole to lead the moderate Zanu (Ndonga) party, which renounced violent struggle. Many opposition leaders mysteriously died during this time, including one who died in a car crash but was allegedly riddled with bullet holes. An opposing newspaper's printing press was bombed and its journalists tortured.
Lancaster House Agreement
Persuasion from B.J. Vorster, himself under pressure from Henry Kissinger, forced Smith to accept in principle that white minority rule could not continue indefinitely. On 3 March 1978 Bishop Abel Muzorewa, Ndabaningi Sithole and other moderate leaders signed an agreement at Governor's Lodge in Salisbury, which paved the way for an interim power-sharing government, in preparation for elections. The elections were won by the United African National Council under Bishop Abel Muzorewa, but international recognition did not follow and sanctions were not lifted. The two 'Patriotic Front' groups under Mugabe and Joshua Nkomo refused to participate and continued the war.
The incoming government did accept an invitation to talks at Lancaster House in September 1979. A ceasefire was negotiated for the talks, which were attended by Smith, Mugabe, Nkomo, Edson Zvobgo and others. Eventually the parties to the talks agreed on a new constitution for a new Republic of Zimbabwe with elections in February 1980. Mugabe had to concede to accepting 20 seats reserved for whites in the new Parliament and to the inability of the new government to alter the constitution for ten years. His return to Zimbabwe in December 1979 was greeted with enormous supportive crowds.
After a campaign marked by intimidation from all sides, mistrust from security forces and reports of full ballot boxes found on the road, the Shona majority was decisive in electing Mugabe to head the first government as prime minister on 4 March 1980. ZANU won 57 out of 80 Common Roll seats in the new parliament, with the 20 white seats all going to the Rhodesian Front.
Mugabe, whose political support came from his Shona-speaking homeland in the north, attempted to build Zimbabwe on a basis of an uneasy coalition with his Zimbabwe African People's Union (ZAPU) rivals, whose support came from the Ndebele-speaking south, and with the white minority. Mugabe sought to incorporate ZAPU into his Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU) led government and ZAPU's military wing into the army. ZAPU's leader, Joshua Nkomo, was given a series of cabinet positions in Mugabe's government. However, Mugabe was torn between this objective and pressures to meet the expectations of his own ZANU followers for a faster pace of social change.
In 1983 Mugabe fired Nkomo from his cabinet, triggering bitter fighting between ZAPU supporters in the Ndebele-speaking region of the country and the ruling ZANU. Between 1982 and 1985 the military crushed armed resistance from Ndebele groups in the provinces of Matabeleland and the Midlands, leaving Mugabe's rule secure. Mugabe has been accused by many of committing mass murder during this period of his rule. A peace accord was negotiated in 1987. ZAPU merged into the Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF) on December 22, 1988. Mugabe brought Nkomo into the government once again as a vice-president.
More than 20,000 Ndebele civilians were killed by Mugabe's North-Korean trained 5th Brigade during the Gukurahundi (“the early rain that washes away the chaff”) ethnic massacres. Their leader was Perence Shiri who called himself 'Black Jesus'. Mugabe is said to fear prosecution for this massacre, with bills calling for inquiries into the incident sometimes introduced into Parliament. The opposition Movement for Democratic Change has said that if it comes to power, it will call for an international trial of the massacre. Most of the 20,000 killed were innocent civilians.
In 1987 the position of Prime Minister was abolished and Mugabe assumed the new office of executive President of Zimbabwe gaining additional powers in the process. He was re-elected in 1990 and 1996, and in 2002 amid claims of widespread vote-rigging and intimidation. Mugabe's term of office is due to expire in 2008.
Mugabe has been the Chancellor of the University of Zimbabwe since Parliament passed the University of Zimbabwe Amendment Bill in November 1990.
According to a 1995 World Bank report, after independence, "Zimbabwe gave priority to human resource investments and support for smallholder agriculture," and as a result, "smallholder agriculture expanded rapidly during the first half of the 1980s and social indicators improved quickly." From 1980 to 1990 infant mortality decreased from 86 to 49 per 1000 live births, under five mortality was reduced from 128 to 58 per 1000 live births, and immunisation increased from 25% to 80% of the population. Also, "child malnutrition fell from 22% to 12% and life expectancy increased from 56 to 64. By 1990, Zimbabwe had a lower infant mortality rate, higher adult literacy and higher school enrollment rate than average for developing countries."
In 1991 the government of Zimbabwe, short on hard currency and under international pressure, embarked on a neoliberal austerity program. The World Bank's 1995 report explained that such reforms were required because Zimbabwe was unable to absorb into its labour market the many graduates from its impressive education system and that it needed to attract additional foreign investments. The reforms however undermined the livelihoods of Zimbabwe's poor majority; the report noted "large segments of the population, including most smallholder farmers and small scale enterprises, find themselves in a vulnerable position with limited capacity to respond to evolving market opportunities. This is due to their limited access to natural, technical and financial resources, to the contraction of many public services for smallholder agriculture, and to their still nascent links with larger scale enterprises."
Moreover, these people were forced to live on marginal lands as Zimbabwe's best lands were reserved for mainly white landlords growing cash crops for export, a sector of the economy favoured by the IMF's plan. For the poor on the communal lands, "existing levels of production in these areas are now threatened by the environmental fragility of the natural resource base and the unsustainability of existing farming practices." The International Monetary Fund later suspended aid, saying reforms were "not on track."
According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), life expectancy at birth for Zimbabwean men is 37 years and is 34 years for women, the lowest such figures for any nation. The World Bank's 1995 report predicted this decline in life expectancy from its 1990 height of 64 years when, commenting on health care system cuts mandated by the IMF structural adjustment programme, it stated that "The decline in resources is creating strains and threatening the sustainability of health sector achievements."
The Zimbabwe dollar suffers from the highest Inflation rate of any currency in the world. Zimbabwe official statistics reveal that the annualised inflation rate for September 2006 was 1000%. The International Monetary Fund (IMF), in its World Economic Outlook database, reported inflation in 2006 at 1216%. Inflation reached 9,000% on June 21, and 11,000% on June 22, 2007.
While Zimbabwe has suffered in many other measures under Mugabe, as a former schoolteacher he has been well-known for his commitment to education.  However, Catholic Archbishop of Zimbabwe Pius Ncube decried the educational situation in the country, saying, among other scathing indictments of Mugabe, "We had the best education in Africa and now our schools are closing."
Views on homosexuality
Mugabe has waged a violent campaign against homosexuals, arguing that prior to colonisation Zimbabweans did not engage in homosexual acts. His first major public condemnation of homosexuality came in 1995 during the Zimbabwe International Book Fair in August 1995. He told the audience that homosexuality
degrades human dignity. It's unnatural and there is no question ever of allowing these people to behave worse than dogs and pigs. If dogs and pigs do not do it, why must human beings? We have our own culture, and we must re-dedicate ourselves to our traditional values that make us human beings... What we are being persuaded to accept is sub-animal behaviour and we will never allow it here. If you see people parading themselves as lesbians and gays, arrest them and hand them over to the police!
In September 1995, Zimbabwe's parliament introduced legislation banning homosexual acts. In 1997 a court found Canaan Banana, Mugabe's predecessor and the first President of Zimbabwe, guilty of 11 counts of sodomy and indecent assault. Banana's trial proved embarrassing for Mugabe, when Banana's accusers alleged that Mugabe knew about Banana's conduct and had done nothing to stop it.
Second Congo War
Mugabe was blamed for Zimbabwe's participation in the Second Congo War in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. At a time when the Zimbabwean economy was struggling, Zimbabwe responded to a call by the Southern African Development Community to help the struggling regime in Kinsasha. The Democratic Republic of the Congo had been invaded by Rwanda, which sought to institute a change of government, and Uganda, which claimed that its civilians, and regional stability, were under constant threat of attack by various terrorist groups based in the Congo. The war raised accusations of corruption, with officials alleged to be plundering the Congo's mineral reserves. Mugabe's defence minister Moven Mahachi said, "Instead of our army in the DRC burdening the treasury for more resources, which are not available, it embarks on viable projects for the sake of generating the necessary revenue."
When Zimbabwe gained independence 46.5% of the country's arable land was owned by around 6,000 commercial farmers. Mugabe accepted a "willing buyer, willing seller" plan as part of the Lancaster House Agreement of 1979, among other concessions to the white minority. As part of this agreement, land redistribution was blocked for a period of 10 years.
In 1997, the new British government led by Tony Blair unilaterally stopped funding the "willing buyer, willing seller" land reform programme on the basis that the initial £44 million allocated under the Thatcher government was used to purchase land for members of the ruling elite rather than landless peasants. Furthermore, Britain's ruling Labour Party felt no obligation to continue paying white farmers compensation, or in minister Clare Short's words, "I should make it clear that we do not accept that Britain has a special responsibility to meet the costs of land purchase in Zimbabwe. We are a new Government from diverse backgrounds without links to former colonial interests. My own origins are Irish and as you know we were colonised not colonisers."
As of September 2006, Mugabe's family owns three farms: Highfield Estate in Norton, 45 km west of Harare, Iron Mask Estate in Mazowe, about 40 km from Harare, and Foyle Farm in Mazowe, formerly owned by Ian Webster and adjacent to Iron Mask Farm, renamed to Gushungo Farm after Mugabe's own clan name. These farms were seized forcibly from their previous owners.
In 2005 Mugabe ordered a raid conducted on what the government termed "illegal shelters" in Harare, resulting in 10,000 urban poor being left homeless from "Operation Murambatsvina (English: Operation Drive Out the Rubbish)." The authorities themselves had moved the poor inhabitants to the area in 1992, telling them not to build permanent homes and that their new homes were temporary, leading the inhabitants to build their own temporary shelters out of cardboard and wood. Since the inhabitants of the shantytowns overwhelmingly supported the Movement for Democratic Change opposition party in the previous election, many alleged that the mass bulldozing was politically motivated. The UK's Daily Telegraph noted that Mugabe's "latest palace," in the style of a pagoda, was located a mile from the destroyed shelters. The UN released a report stating that the actions of Mugabe resulted in the loss of home or livelihood for more than 700,000 Zimbabweans and negatively affected 2.4 million more.
Farm seizures and starvation
On 12 to 13 February 2000, a referendum was held on a new constitution. The proposed change would have limited future presidents to two terms, but as it was not retroactive, Mugabe could have stood for another two terms. It also would have made his government and military officials immune from prosecution for any illegal acts committed while in office. In addition, it allowed the government to confiscate white-owned land for redistribution to black farmers without compensation. The motion failed with 55% of participants against the referendum. The referendum had a 20% turnout fuelled by an effective SMS campaign. Mugabe declared that he would "abide by the will of the people". The vote was a surprise to ZANU-PF, and an embarrassment before parliamentary elections due in mid-April. Almost immediately, self-styled "war veterans", led by Chenjerai 'Hitler' Hunzvi, began invading white-owned farms. On April 6, 2000, Parliament pushed through an amendment, taken word for word from the draft constitution that was rejected by voters, allowing the seizure of white-owned farmlands without due reimbursement or payment.
Since these actions, agricultural production has plummeted and the economy is crippled. Once the "bread basket" of southern Africa and a major agricultural exporter, Zimbabwe now depends on food programs and support from outside to feed its population. A third of the population depends on food supplies from the World Food Programme to avoid starvation.
The United Nations provoked anger when its Food and Agriculture Organisation invited Mugabe to speak at a celebration of its 60th anniversary in Rome. Critics of the move alleged that since Mugabe could not feed his own people without the UN's support, he was an inappropriate speaker for the group, which has a mission statement of "helping to build a world without hunger."
Mugabe blames the food shortages on drought. Zimbabwe's state-owned press accused former British Prime Minister Tony Blair of using chemical weapons to incite droughts and famines in Africa.
Mugabe faced Morgan Tsvangirai of the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) in presidential elections in March 2002. Mugabe defeated Tsvangirai by 56.2% to 41.9% amid violence and the prevention of large numbers of citizens in urban areas from voting. The conduct of the elections was widely viewed internationally as having been manipulated. Many groups, such as the United States, the European Union, the United Kingdom, and Morgan Tsvangirai's Movement for Democratic Change (MDC), assert that the turnout was rigged.
On July 3, 2004 a report adopted by the African Union executive council, which comprises foreign ministers of the 53 member states, criticized the government for the arrest and torture of opposition members of parliament and human rights lawyers, the arrest of journalists, the stifling of freedom of expression and clampdowns on other civil liberties. It was compiled by the AU's African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights, which sent a mission to Zimbabwe from June 24 to 28 2002, shortly after the presidential elections. The report was apparently not submitted to the AU's 2003 summit because it had not been translated into French. It was adopted at the next AU summit in 2005.
Mugabe's ZANU-PF party won the 2005 parliamentary elections with an increased majority. The elections were said by (again) South African observers to "reflect the free will of the people of Zimbabwe", despite accusations of widespread fraud from the MDC.
Criticism and opposition
Mugabe's critics accuse him of conducting a "reign of terror", and being an 'extremely poor role model' for the continent, whose 'transgressions' are 'unpardonable'. In solidarity with the April 2007 general strike called by the Zimbabwe Congress of Trade Unions (ZCTU), UK TUC General Secretary Brendan Barber said of Mugabe's regime: 'Zimbabwe's people are suffering from Mugabe's appalling economic mismanagement, corruption and brutal repression. They are standing up for their rights, and we must stand with them." Lela Kogbara, Chair of ACTSA (Action for Southern Africa) similarly has said: "As with every oppressive regime women and workers are left bearing the brunt. Please join us as we stand in solidarity with the people of Zimbabwe in their struggle for peace, justice and freedom."
Robert Guest, the Africa editor for The Economist for seven years, argues that Mugabe is to blame for Zimbabwe's economic freefall. "In 1980, the average annual income in Zimbabwe was US$950, and a Zimbabwean dollar was worth more than an American one. By 2003, the average income was less than US$400, and the Zimbabwean economy was in freefall. "[Mugabe] has ruled Zimbabwe for nearly three decades and has led it, in that time, from impressive success to the most dramatic peacetime collapse of any country since Weimar Germany".
Mugabe was criticised for comparing himself to Hitler. Mugabe was quoted as saying "This Hitler has only one objective: justice for his people, sovereignty for his people, recognition of the independence of his people and their rights over their resources. If that is Hitler, then let me be a Hitler tenfold."
In recent years, Western governments have condemned Mugabe's government. On 9 March 2003, U.S. President George W. Bush approved measures for economic sanctions to be leveled against Mugabe and other high-ranking Zimbabwe politicians, freezing their assets and barring Americans from engaging in any transactions or dealings with them. Justifying the move, Bush's spokesman stated that the President and Congress believe that "the situation in Zimbabwe endangers the southern African region and threatens to undermine efforts to foster good governance and respect for the rule of law throughout the continent." The bill was known as the "Zimbabwe Democracy Act."
On December 8, 2003, in protest against a further 18 months of suspension from the Commonwealth of Nations (thereby cutting foreign aid to Zimbabwe), Mugabe withdrew his country from the Commonwealth. Mugabe informed the leaders of Jamaica, Nigeria and South Africa of his decision when they telephoned him to discuss the situation. Zimbabwe's government said the President did not accept the Commonwealth's position, and was leaving the group.
In reaction to human rights violations in Zimbabwe, students at universities from which Mugabe has honorary doctorates have sought to get the degrees revoked. So far, the University of Edinburgh has stripped Mugabe of his honorary degree after years of campaigning from their student union. In addition, the student body at Michigan State University (ASMSU) unanimously passed a resolution calling for this. The issue is now being considered by the university.
On November 17, 2006 The Independent revealed that female life expectancy is now 34 as opposed to 63 a decade ago, with the male life expectancy standing at 37.
On February 6, 2007 Mugabe orchestrated a cabinet reshuffle, ousting ministers including five-year veteran finance minister Herbert Murerwa.
On March 11, 2007 opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai was arrested and beaten following a prayer meeting in the Harare suburb of Highfields. Another member of the Movement for Democratic Change was killed while other protesters were injured. Mugabe claimed that "Tsvangirai deserved his beating-up by police because he was not allowed to attend a banned rally" on March 30, 2007.
In June 2007 the first president of Zambia, Kenneth Kaunda, wrote that "leaders in the West say Robert Mugabe is a demon, that he has destroyed Zimbabwe and he must be got rid of - but this demonising is made by people who may not understand what Robert Gabriel Mugabe and his fellow freedom fighters went through."
Mugabe's office forbade the screening of the 2005 movie The Interpreter, claiming that it was propaganda by the CIA and fearing that it could incite hostility towards him.
European Union travel ban
After observers from the European Union were barred from examining Zimbabwe's 2002 elections, the EU imposed a ban on Mugabe and 94 members of his government. The United States instituted a similar ban. The EU's ban has a few loopholes, resulting in Mugabe taking a few trips into Europe despite the ban. Mugabe is allowed to travel to UN events within European and American borders.
On April 8, 2005, Mugabe attended the funeral of Pope John Paul II, a move which could be seen as defiance of a European Union travel ban that does not, however, apply to Vatican City. He was granted a transit visa by the Italian authorities, as they are obliged to under the Concordat. However, the Catholic hierarchy in Zimbabwe have been very vocal against his rule and the senior Catholic cleric, Archbishop Pius Ncube is a major critic, even calling for Western governments to help in his overthrow. Mugabe surprised Prince Charles by shaking his hand during the service. Afterwards, the Prince's office released a statement saying, "The Prince of Wales was caught by surprise and not in a position to avoid shaking Mr Mugabe’s hand. The Prince finds the current Zimbabwean regime abhorrent. He has supported the Zimbabwe Defence and Aid Fund which works with those being oppressed by the regime. The Prince also recently met Pius Ncube, the Archbishop of Bulawayo, an outspoken critic of the government."
Prior to the ban, one of Mugabe's favourite pastimes was to travel to London.
US travel ban
He is among host of individuals not allowed to travel to the United States because the US government feels he has worked to undermine democracy in Zimbabwe.
As one of Africa's longest-lasting leaders, speculation has built over the years as to the future of Zimbabwe after Mugabe leaves office. His age and recurring rumours of failing health have focused more attention on possible successors within his party as well as the opposition. The March 11, 2007 crackdown against a religious gathering sponsored by the opposition attracted scrutiny.
In June 2005 a report that Mugabe had entered a hospital for tests on his heart fueled rumours that he had died of a heart attack; these reports were dismissed by a Mugabe spokesman. This coincided with Operation Murambatsvina (or "Drive Out Trash"), a police campaign to demolish houses and businesses that had been built without permission on land previously taken from white landholders and intended for redistribution. Opponents called this an attempt to disperse urban centres of dissent into rural areas where the government had more control. Former information minister Jonathan Moyo attributed the events to a power struggle within the party over who would succeed Mugabe.
Joyce Mujuru, recently elevated to vice-president of ZANU-PF during the December 2004 party congress and considerably younger than Joseph Msika, the other vice-president, has been mentioned as a likely successor to Mugabe. Joyce Mujuru's candidacy for the presidency is strengthened by the backing of her husband, Solomon Mujuru, who is the former head of the Zimbabwean army.
In October 2006, a report prepared by Zimbabwe's Ministry of Economic Development acknowledged the lack of coordination among critical government departments in Zimbabwe and the overall lack of commitment to end the crisis. The report implied that the infighting in Zanu-PF over Mugabe's successor was also hurting policy formulation and consistency in implementation.
In late 2006 a plan was presented to postpone the next presidential election until 2010, at the same time as the next parliamentary election, thereby extending Mugabe's term by two years. It was said that holding the two elections together would be a cost-saving measure. However, this plan was not approved and there were reportedly objections from some in ZANU-PF to the idea. In March 2007 Mugabe said that he thought the feeling was in favour of holding the two elections together in 2008 instead of 2010. He also said that he would be willing to run for re-election again if the party wanted him to run. Other leaders in Southern Africa were rumoured to be less warm on the idea of extending his term to 2010; recently, at the independence celebrations in Ghana, South African President Thabo Mbeki was rumoured to have met with Mugabe in private and told him that "he was determined that South Africa's hosting of the Football World Cup in 2010 should not be disrupted by controversial presidential elections in Zimbabwe."
On March 30, 2007, it was announced that the ZANU-PF central committee had chosen Mugabe as the party's candidate for another term in 2008, that presidential terms would be shortened to five years, and that the parliamentary election would also be held in 2008. Mugabe was chosen by acclamation as the party's presidential candidate for 2008 by ZANU-PF delegates at a party conference on December 13, 2007.
His first wife, the former Sally Hayfron, died in 1992 from a chronic kidney ailment. Their only son, Nhamodzenyika, born 27 September 1963, died on December 26, 1966 from cerebral malaria, while Mugabe was in prison.
Sally Mugabe was a trained teacher who asserted her position as an independent political activist and campaigner. Sally was seen as Mugabe's closest friend and adviser, and many point to her death as the time when Mugabe began to misrule Zimbabwe.
Mugabe married his former secretary, Grace Marufu, 40 years his junior and with whom he already had two children, on August 17, 1996. Mugabe and Marufu were married in a Roman Catholic wedding Mass at Kutama College, a Catholic mission school he previously attended. Nelson Mandela was among the guests. A spokesman for Catholic Archbishop Patrick Chakaipa, who presided over the ceremony, said the diocese saw "no impediment" to the nuptials.
The Mugabes have three children: Bona, Robert Peter Jr. (although Robert Mugabe's middle name is Gabriel) and Bellarmine Chatunga. As First Lady, Grace has been the subject of much criticism for her lifestyle. When she was included in the 2002 EU travel sanctions on her husband, one EU parliamentarian was quoted as saying that the ban "will stop Grace Mugabe going on her shopping trips in the face of catastrophic poverty blighting the people of Zimbabwe." The Daily Telegraph called her "notorious at home for her profligacy" in a 2003 coverage of a trip to Paris. The Mugabes' children are not included in the EU travel sanctions.
Awards and honours
In 1994 Mugabe was bestowed an honorary Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath by Queen Elizabeth II. This entitles him to use the postnominal letters KCB, but not to use the title "Sir." UK Foreign Affairs Select Committee called for the removal of this honour in 2003, but no action was taken.
He also holds several honorary degrees and doctorates from various international universities, though in June 2007, he became the first international figure ever to be stripped of an honorary degree by a British university, when the University of Edinburgh withdrew the degree awarded to him in 1984.
* Chan, Stephen (2003). Robert Mugabe: A life of power and violence. IB Taurus, London. ISBN.
* East, R. and Thomas, Richard J. Profiles of People in Power: The World ́s Government Leaders, 2003 ISBN 185743126X
* Nolan, Cathal J. Notable U.S. Ambassadors Since 1775: A Biographical Dictionary, 1997 ISBN 0313291950
* Martin Meredith : Mugabe: Power and Plunder in Zimbabwe. Oxford, 2003 [rev. und updated ed.] ISBN 1586482130 (American ed.: Our votes, our guns
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Last edited by Alex Linder; February 11th, 2008 at 04:41 PM.