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Old May 31st, 2005 #1
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Default Frankfurt School Critical Theory-Understanding Historical Roots Political Correctness
Frankfurt School Critical Theory was essentially destructive criticism of the main elements of Western culture such as Christianity, capitalism, authority, the family, patriarchy, hierarchy, morality, tradition, sexual restraint, loyalties, patriotism, nationalism, heredity, ethnocentrism, convention and conservatism. These criticisms are reflected in such works of the Frankfurt School as "Studies on Authority and the Family," Eric Fromm's "Escape From Freedom" and his "The Dogma of Christ," Wilhelm Reich's "The Mass Psychology of Fascism" and Theodor Adorno's "The Authoritarian Personality" published in 1950.

Frankfurt School Critical Theory encompasses a group of specific sub-theories such as matriarchal theory, androgyny theory, personality theory, prejudice theory, authority theory, family theory, sexuality theory, racial theory, legal theory and literary theory. These various sub-theories are used to induce an inversion of the prevailing belief system so the Marxist revolutionaries can engineer a non-violent social revolution.

As the Marxist social revolutionaries readily proclaim among themselves, their avowed purpose is to DESTROY THE HEGEMONIC WHITE MALE STRUCTURE OF POWER. This requires the inversion of beliefs of white males so that they feel impelled to relinquish their positions to women and minorities. This reflects the psycho-dynamics of social revolution that lies at the core of Political Correctness.

The belief in patriarchy is to be inverted to a belief in matriarchy in accordance with Frankfurt School matriarchal theory.

The belief in distinct gender roles is to be inverted to a belief that distinct gender roles should not exist in accordance with Frankfurt School androgyny theory.

The belief in inherent differences among the races is to be inverted to a belief that differences do not exist in accordance with Frankfurt School racial theory.

The belief that heterosexuality is the norm is to be inverted to a belief that homosexuality is normal.

Frankfurt School prejudice theory as presented in Theodor Adorno's "The Authoritarian Personality" had the intended effect of inverting the belief about racial discrimination. The belief that racial discrimination was a normal instinctive response to a perceived threat to the survival of the race was inverted to a belief that racial discrimination was evidence of a social pathology and a mental sickness in an individual.
This Frankfurt School theory of prejudice was then applied to gender and sexual discrimination in the same way.

By its very nature, Frankfurt School Critical Theory amounted to a grand scheme for the inversion of the intrinsic worth of white heterosexual males that opened the intellectual door to the racial and sexual antagonisms of the Trotskyites, Herbert Marcuse and Betty Friedan. The expressed views of Leon Trotsky that were adopted by his Fourth International were especially revealing. Trotsky had denounced prejudiced white workers in scathing and bitter terms. He followed this with the assertion that due to the oppression of the Negroes they could become the most revolutionary element of the population and furnish the vanguard of the revolution. Trotsky demanded that the white workers assist the blacks in this revolution.

Most of the young student leaders of the 1960s counterculture revolution to a large extent followed the dictates of Leon Trotsky by attempting to elevate black revolutionaries to positions of leadership. Since the counterculture revolution of the '60s was an attempt to invert the prevailing culture as the very name implies, acceptance of an inversion of white and black roles seemed logical to the student revolutionaries. These radical Marxists also followed Herbert Marcuse of the Frankfurt School, who became the admired philosopher on the campuses of American colleges and universities in the '60s with his advocacy of the feminist and black revolutions.

As a Marxist revolutionary alumni of the Frankfurt School, Marcuse became a key practitioner of revolutionary theory in America. In 1947, he argued the case for a Soviet republic and welcomed anarchy, disintegration and catastrophe to bring about revolutionary change. He preached the "Great Refusal," sexual liberation, and the merits of the feminist and black revolutions. His primary thesis was that revolutionaries such as university students, ghetto blacks, the alienated and the asocial, and the Third World could take the place of the proletariat.

In his book "An Essay on Liberation," Marcuse proclaimed his aim of a radical transvaluation of values; the relaxation of taboo; cultural subversion; critical theory; and a linguistic rebellion that amounts to a methodical reversal of meaning. As for racial conflict, Marcuse wrote that it is true that the white man is guilty and the black population appears as the most natural force of rebellion. The similarity to Leon Trotsky's mindset should be noted.

Another important revolutionary contributor to Political Correctness was Betty Friedan, who promoted the modern feminist movement in America and Canada with her book "The Feminine Mystique." In that book, she claimed the feminist movement was a sex-role revolution. This sex role inversion did indeed eventually take the form of the extreme demand for female combat soldiers and female fighter pilots, which was duly complied with by the new American men.


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